分銅

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Japanese[edit]

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分銅: traditional Japanese fundō weights, used to weigh coinage.
分銅: Western-style fundō.
分銅: the fundō family crest.

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ふん
Grade: 2
どう
Grade: 5
on’yomi

Uncertain. Given the kan'yōyomi of for the character, probably a Japanese coinage from Middle Chinese-derived elements, as a compound of (fun, a unit of weight, roughly 375 milligrams) +‎ (, copper).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

分銅 (hiragana ふんどう, rōmaji fundō)

  1. a metal weight, often made of copper, used in a balance scale; traditionally had a kind of hourglass shape
  2. any gold or silver ingot cast in an hourglass shape; such ingots were formerly kept as emergency savings
  3. (obsolete, slang) a 二朱銀 (nishugin, Edo-period coin of refined silver)
  4. any other weight used with a balance scale
  5. a 家紋 (kamon, family crest) in the shape of a stylized fundō weight
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ふん
Grade: 2
どん
Grade: 5
Irregular

Alteration from fundō. Non-standard reading of don for may indicate influence from early Mandarin or Cantonese readings (modern tóng and tung²), or perhaps more likely, influence from an early version of Korean (dong).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
    • IPA(key): [ɸɯ̟̃ᵝndõ̞ɴ]

Noun[edit]

分銅 (hiragana ふんどん, rōmaji fundon)

  1. a fundō weight
  2. a silver weight or (daidai, bitter orange) tied to the end of a bit of string, used in a 宝引き (hōbiki, a kind of lottery or draw straws)
  3. a shape that is pinched in the middle like a fundō weight

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぶん
Grade: 2
どう
Grade: 5
on’yomi

Alteration from fundō, using the goon reading of bun for the character.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

分銅 (hiragana ぶんどう, rōmaji bundō)

  1. a weight
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan