暗闇

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See also: 暗暗

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
くら
Grade: 3
やみ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Compound of (kura, dark, combining form used in compounds, stem of adjective 暗い (kurai, dark)) +‎ (yami, darkness, absence of light; night, noun, derived from verb 止む (yamu, cease, halt, stop)).[1][2]

First cited to around 1007.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(くら)(やみ) (kurayami

  1. [circa 1007] darkness, the dark, complete absence of light; a dark place
    Synonyms: 暗がり (kuragari), 暗黒 (ankoku)
  2. [early 1200s] (figuratively) public chaos, disorder in the world
    • prior to 1330, The Tale of the Heike, book 2:
      (てん)()くらやみ()ったりしに
      tenka kurayami to nattarishi ni
      the world had fallen into darkness / disorder
  3. an unknown or hidden place
  4. [1862] (figuratively) jail, prison
  5. [1911] (figuratively) psychological depression

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
くれ
Grade: 3
やみ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Compound of (kure, darkening, stem of verb 暗れる (kureru, to darken, to become dark)) +‎ (yami, darkness, absence of light; night, noun, derived from verb 止む (yamu, cease, halt, stop)).[1]

First cited to roughly 1014.[1]

May be obsolete. Not listed in various dictionaries.[2][3][4][5]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [kɯ̟ᵝɾe̞ja̠mʲi]

Noun[edit]

(くれ)(やみ) (kureyami

  1. [circa 1014] (figuratively, possibly obsolete) psychological distress, the state of being at a loss

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN