遊戯

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See also: 游戏, 游戲, and 遊戲

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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Kanji in this term
ゆう
Grade: 3
き > ぎ
Grade: S
on’yomi

/jiu ki//jiuɡi//juːɡi/

From Middle Chinese compound 遊戲 (MC jɨu hˠiᴇ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

遊戯 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 遊戲, hiragana ゆうぎ, rōmaji yūgi, historical hiragana いうぎ)

  1. a game
    Synonyms: 遊び (asobi)
  2. a play (activity for amusement, especially for the young)
    Synonyms: 御遊戯 (o-yūgi)
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

遊戯する (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 遊戲する, hiragana ゆうぎする, rōmaji yūgi suru, historical hiragana いうぎする)

  1. to play (a game)
    Synonyms: 遊ぶ (asobu)
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ゆう
Grade: 3
け > げ
Grade: S
on’yomi

/jiu ke//jiuɡe//juːɡe/

Possibly from Middle Chinese compound 遊戲 (MC jɨu hˠiᴇ), or a shift from yūgi above, utilizing the goon-reading of ke instead of ki/gi. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

遊戯 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 遊戲, hiragana ゆうげ, rōmaji yūge, historical hiragana いうげ)

  1. (uncommon) Same as ゆうぎ (yūgi) above

Verb[edit]

遊戯する (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 遊戲する, hiragana ゆうげする, rōmaji yūge suru, historical hiragana いうげする)

  1. (uncommon) Same as ゆうぎ (yūgi) above
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
け > げ
Grade: S
on’yomi

/jiu ke//juke//juɡe/

Likely the oldest borrowing from Middle Chinese 遊戲 (MC jɨu hˠiᴇ), attested in Heian period literature.

Noun[edit]

遊戯 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 遊戲, hiragana ゆげ, rōmaji yuge, alternative reading ゆけ, rōmaji yuke)

  1. a game
  2. an amusement
  3. (Buddhism) freedom, said of the Buddha, bodhisattvas, or other enlightened beings
    Synonyms: 遊化 (yuke)
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

遊戯 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 遊戲, hiragana ゆげ, rōmaji Yuge)

  1. a surname

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN