고모

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Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Sino-Korean word from 姑母, from (aunt) + (mother).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gomo
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gomo
McCune–Reischauer?komo
Yale Romanization?komo

Noun[edit]

고모 (gomo) (hanja 姑母)

  1. paternal aunt (one's father's sister)
    Coordinate term: 이모(姨母) (imo, maternal aunt)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably a Sino-Korean word from (torment) + (to face), but this is not fully clear because the relevant Early Modern sources are written in pure Korean script.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈko̞(ː)mo̞]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gomo
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gomo
McCune–Reischauer?komo
Yale Romanization?kōmo

Noun[edit]

고모 (gomo) (hanja 苦冒)

  1. (obsolete, Early Modern, Gyeongsang, Buddhism) the fundamental suffering of human existence
    • 1704, 명연/明衍, 염불보권문/念佛普勸文 [Treatises in recommendation of nianfo]:
      나서 늘그며 병 드러 죽는 고모ᄅᆞᆯ 면치 못ᄒᆞ고 []
      naseo neulgeumyeo byeong deureo jungneun gomoreul myeonchi mothago []
      one cannot escape the suffering of being born [only] to grow old, fall sick, and die []

Etymology 3[edit]

Sino-Korean word from 高帽

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gomo
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gomo
McCune–Reischauer?komo
Yale Romanization?komo

Noun[edit]

고모 (gomo) (hanja 高帽)

  1. (North Korea) a tall hat worn by nobles during ceremonies