ꜣbw

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Egyptian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From ꜣb (to tarry, avoid, cease).

Noun[edit]

AbbwD54

 m

  1. cessation (used with m to mean “cessation of (something)”)
Usage notes[edit]

This word is only used in the negated phrases nn ꜣbw, bn ꜣbw, n wnt ꜣbw, and n ḫpr ꜣbw to mean “unceasing, unstoppable” and as part of jrjꜣbw (cessation) and negated versions thereof.

Inflection[edit]
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Afro-Asiatic *leb- (compare Tangale labata, Mukulu ʾelbi).[1]

The component hieroglyphs are 𓍋 (ꜣb) + phonetic complement 𓃀 (b) + 𓅱 (w) + a determinative: 𓃰 (elephant), 𓌟 (bone), or 𓎵 and 𓈉 (land) depending on meaning.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

AbbwE26

 m

  1. elephant [Old Kingdom to New Kingdom]
Inflection[edit]
Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

Abbwqs

 m

  1. elephant tusk [Since the Middle Kingdom]
  2. ivory [Since the Middle Kingdom]
Inflection[edit]
Alternative forms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

AbbWW6
N25

 f

  1. Elephantine (modern Aswan)
Alternative forms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Related to ꜣbt (brand).

Verb[edit]

AbbwQ7

 3-lit.

  1. (transitive) to brand (cattle or slaves) (+ m or + ḥr: to brand with (a seal or name, etc.)) [since New Kingdom literature]
  2. (transitive) to scorch (the skin)
Inflection[edit]
Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

AbbwN33C
Z2ss

 m

  1. (medicine) Something used as an officinal drug.
Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir E.; Stolbova, Olga V. (1995), “*leb-”, in Hamito-Semitic Etymological Dictionary: Materials for a Reconstruction (Handbuch der Orientalistik; I.18), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill, § 1662, page 360
  • Faulkner, Raymond (1962) A Concise Dictionary of Middle Egyptian, Oxford: Griffith Institute, →ISBN
  • Erman, Adolf; Grapow, Hermann (1926-1961) Wörterbuch der ägyptischen Sprache, Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, →ISBN
  • Allen, James (2010) Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs, revised second edition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 339