-enem

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Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

-e- +‎ -nem

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-enem

  1. Used to form the first-person singular of an infinitive.
    veszíteni ‎(to lose) → Súlyt kell veszítenem. - I have to lose weight.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The conjugated infinitive denotes action connected to the person. The non-conjugated infinitive has a general meaning.
    Itt nem szabad dohányoznom. - I am not allowed to smoke here. (first-person)
    Itt nem szabad dohányozni. - Smoking is not allowed here. (general)
  • Variants:
    -nom is added to back vowel words that form their infinitive with -ni
    rohanni ‎(to run) → rohannom kell ‎(I have to run)
    -nem is added to unrounded front vowel words that form their infinitive with -ni
    nevetni ‎(to laugh) → nevetnem kell ‎(I have to laugh)
    -nöm is added to rounded front vowel words that form their infinitive with -ni
    főzni ‎(to cook) → főznöm kell ‎(I have to cook)
    -anom is added to back vowel words that form their infinitive with -ani
    tanítani ‎(to teach) → tanítanom kell ‎(I have to teach)
    -enem is added to front vowel words that form their infinitive with -eni
    veszíteni ‎(to lose) → súlyt kell veszítenem ‎(I have to lose weight)

See also[edit]