-ned

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Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ned

  1. Used to form the second-person singular informal of an infinitive.
    beszélni (to talk) → Beszélned kell vele. - You have to talk to him/her.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The conjugated infinitive denotes action connected to the person. The non-conjugated infinitive has a general meaning.
    Itt nem szabad dohányoznod. - You are not allowed to smoke here. (second-person)
    Itt nem szabad dohányozni. - Smoking is not allowed here. (general)
  • Variants:
    -nod is added to back vowel words that form their infinitive with -ni
    rohanni (to run) → rohannod kell (you have to run)
    -ned is added to unrounded front vowel words that form their infinitive with -ni
    nevetni (to laugh) → nevetned kell (you have to laugh)
    -nöd is added to rounded front vowel words that form their infinitive with -ni
    főzni (to cook) → főznöd kell (you have to cook)
    -anod is added to back vowel words that form their infinitive with -ani
    tanítani (to teach) → tanítanod kell (you have to teach)
    -ened is added to front vowel words that form their infinitive with -eni
    veszíteni (to lose) → súlyt kell veszítened (you have to lose weight)

See also[edit]