-enie

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Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From -e- (linking vowel) +‎ -nie (conjugated infinitive suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-enie

  1. (conjugated infinitive suffix) Forms the third-person singular and the second-person singular formal of an infinitive.
    veszíteni (to lose)Súlyt kell veszítenie.He/she has to lose weight. / You (formal) have to lose weight.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The conjugated infinitive denotes action connected to the person. The non-conjugated infinitive has a general meaning:
    Itt nem szabad dohányoznia.S/he is not allowed to smoke here. (third person)
    Itt nem szabad dohányozni.Smoking is not allowed here. (general)
  • With words like “important, necessary” etc., it is expressed in English as “for him/her to…”.
    Fontos eljönnie.It is important for him/her to come here. or It is important that s/he come here.
  • Variants:
    -nia is added to back-vowel words that form their infinitive with -ni
    rohanni (to run)Rohannia kell.He/she has to run.
    -nie is added to front-vowel words that form their infinitive with -ni
    nevetni (to laugh)Nevetnie kell.He/she has to laugh.
    főzni (to cook)Főznie kell.He/she has to cook.
    -ania is added to back-vowel words that form their infinitive with -ani
    tanítani (to teach)Tanítania kell.He/she has to teach.
    -enie is added to front-vowel words that form their infinitive with -eni
    veszíteni (to lose)Súlyt kell veszítenie.He/she has to lose weight.

See also[edit]

Old Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-nьje.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (10th–15th CE) /ɛɲɛː/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /ɛɲe/

Suffix[edit]

-enie

  1. forms verbal nouns

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Polish: -enie

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Polish -enie, from Proto-Slavic *-nьje.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-enie n

  1. Forms gerunds, usually from verbs ending with -ić
    wybawić + ‎-enie → ‎wybawienie

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]