-nia

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: nia, NIA, nía, nĩa, niā, nią, and ni'a

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

-ni (infinitive suffix) +‎ -a (third-person singular personal suffix)[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-nia

  1. Used to form the third-person singular and the second-person singular formal of an infinitive.
    tanulni (to study)Tanulnia kell. (He/she has to study. / You (formal) have to study.)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The conjugated infinitive denotes action connected to the person. The non-conjugated infinitive has a general meaning.
    Itt nem szabad dohányoznia. - He/she is not allowed to smoke here. (third-person)
    Itt nem szabad dohányozni. - Smoking is not allowed here. (general)
  • Variants:
    -nia is added to back-vowel words that form their infinitive with -ni
    rohanni (to run)rohannia kell (he/she has to run)
    -nie is added to front-vowel words that form their infinitive with -ni
    nevetni (to laugh)nevetnie kell (he/she has to laugh)
    főzni (to cook)főznie kell (he/she has to cook)
    -ania is added to back-vowel words that form their infinitive with -ani
    tanítani (to teach)tanítania kell (he/she has to teach)
    -enie is added to front-vowel words that form their infinitive with -eni
    veszíteni (to lose)súlyt kell veszítenie (he/she has to lose weight)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ьnja.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɲa/
  • (file)

Suffix[edit]

-nia f

  1. forms feminine nouns, often but not always denoting places

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Further reading[edit]

  • -nia in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • -nia in Polish dictionaries at PWN