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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



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From Proto-Indo-European *eḱs (out of), *eǵʰs, *h₁eǵʰs. Cognates include Ancient Greek ἐξ (ex), Latin ex, Old Irish ess-, a, ass (Irish as) and Old Church Slavonic из (iz).



  1. (+ genitive) from, out of



  • East Slavic:
    • Belarusian: з (z)
    • Russian: из (iz)
    • Ukrainian: з (z), із (iz)
  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic:
    • Czech: z, ze
    • Polish: z, ze
    • Slovak: z, zo
    • Sorbian:
      • Lower Sorbian: z, ze
      • Upper Sorbian: z, ze