Freund

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German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German vriunt, from Old High German friunt, from Proto-Germanic *frijōndz (lover, friend), from a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *prēy-, *prāy- (to like, love). Compare Luxembourgish Frënd, Dutch vriend, Low German Fründ, West Frisian freon, English friend, Danish frænde, Swedish frände, Norwegian frende, Faroese frændi, Icelandic frændi, Gothic 𐍆𐍂𐌹𐌾𐍉𐌽𐌳𐍃 (frijōnds).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /frɔʏ̯nt/, [fʁɔʏ̯nt]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

Freund m (genitive Freundes or Freunds, plural Freunde, feminine Freundin)

  1. friend
    Lass uns Freunde bleiben.
    Let’s stay friends.
  2. boyfriend
    Hast du einen Freund?
    Do you have a boyfriend?

Usage notes[edit]

  • Freund (and Freundin) may refer to either a platonic friend or a romantic partner. When used in the singular with a possessive (mein Freund, ihr Freund, etc.), the word usually has a romantic implication, unless the context suggests otherwise.
  • Most derived terms, such as befreundet or Freundschaft, are restricted to the platonic sense, however.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]