- to say, utter
- to mean, refer to
- Ní tú a deirim. ― I don’t mean you; I’m not referring to you.
- (In the 2nd sing. imperative or 1st plural imperative) say, suppose (to state for illustrative or approximate purposes)
- abair is nach mbeadh sé ann ― supposing he weren’t there
- fiche punt, abair ― twenty pounds, say
† Dialect form
In the older literary language, and sometimes in the spoken language, additional forms built on the stem abr- are found:
The d-initial forms of this verb are immune to lenition. They also do not undergo eclipsis after the interrogative particle an.
- abair le (“say to, tell, inform”)
- ná habair é (“don’t mention it”)
- abartha (“given to repartee”, adj)
|Radical||Eclipsis||with h-prothesis||with t-prothesis|
|Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.
- "abair" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
- “abair", "adeirim” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
- Franz Nikolaus Finck, Die araner mundart, vol. II, 78.
- E. C. Quiggin, A Dialect of Donegal, page 125, § 370.
- "as-beir" in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
- Used as a modifier, suggesting excitement, much in the way that "how" is used.
|Tense \ Voice||Active||Passive|