abair

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Irish at·beir, from Old Irish as·beir, from Proto-Celtic *ess- (compare Latin ex) + *ber-, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer-.

The verbal noun is from Old Irish rád (compare Scottish Gaelic ràdh), from the verb rádid ‎(talks), from Proto-Celtic *rādī-, from Proto-Indo-European *reh₂dʰ- ‎(perform successfully). Cognate with Sanskrit राध्नोति ‎(rādhnoti, succeeds), Old Church Slavonic радити ‎(raditi, take care of, work), Gothic 𐍂𐍉𐌳𐌾𐌰𐌽 ‎(rōdjan, talk), Lithuanian rodýti ‎(show). The past participle is from the same stem.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

abair ‎(present analytic deir, future analytic déarfaidh, verbal noun , past participle ráite)

  1. say, utter
  2. mean, refer to
    Ní tú a deirim.‎ ― I don’t mean you; I’m not referring to you.
  3. (In the 2nd sing. imperative or 1st plural imperative) say, suppose (to state for illustrative or approximate purposes)
    abair is nach mbeadh sé ann‎ ― supposing he weren’t there
    fiche punt, abair‎ ― twenty pounds, say

Conjugation[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The d-initial forms of this verb are immune to lenition. They do, however, undergo eclipsis.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
abair n-abair habair t-abair
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 305
  • "abair" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • "" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • “abair” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • “adeirim” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • “ráḋ” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • Franz Nikolaus Finck, 1899, Die araner mundart, Marburg: Elwert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, vol. II, 78.
  • E. C. Quiggin, A Dialect of Donegal, page 125, § 370.
  • as-beir” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • rád” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Irish at·beir, from Old Irish as·beir, from Proto-Celtic *ess- (compare Latin ex) + Proto-Celtic *ber-, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

abair

  1. Used as a modifier, suggesting excitement, much in the way that "how" is used.
    Abair oillteil!‎ ― How dreadful!
    Abair gur àlainn e an-diugh!‎ ― How beautiful that it is today!

Verb[edit]

abair ‎(past thuirt, future their, verbal noun ràdh, past participle ráite)

  1. say

Participles[edit]

Tense \ Voice Active Passive
Present ag ràdh --
Past thuirt thuirteadh
Future their theirear
Conditional theireadh theirteadh

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]