abair

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Irish at·beir, from Old Irish as·beir, from Proto-Celtic *ess- (compare Latin ex) + *bereti, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer-.

The verbal noun is from Old Irish rád (compare Scottish Gaelic ràdh), from the verb rádid (talks), from Proto-Celtic *rādī-, from Proto-Indo-European *reh₂dʰ- (perform successfully). Cognate with Sanskrit राध्नोति (rādhnoti, succeeds), Old Church Slavonic радити (raditi, take care of, work), Gothic 𐍂𐍉𐌳𐌾𐌰𐌽 (rōdjan, talk), Lithuanian rodýti (show). The past participle is from the same stem.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

abair (present analytic deir, future analytic déarfaidh, verbal noun , past participle ráite)

  1. say, utter
  2. mean, refer to
    Ní tú a deirim.I don’t mean you; I’m not referring to you.
  3. (In the 2nd sing. imperative or 1st plural imperative) say, suppose (to state for illustrative or approximate purposes)
    abair is nach mbeadh sé annsupposing he weren’t there
    fiche punt, abairtwenty pounds, say

Usage notes[edit]

  • The d-initial forms of this verb are immune to lenition. They do, however, undergo eclipsis.

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
abair n-abair habair not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Irish at·beir, from Old Irish as·beir, from Proto-Celtic *ess- (compare Latin ex) + Proto-Celtic *bereti, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

abair

  1. Used as a modifier, suggesting excitement, much in the way that "how" is used.
    Abair oillteil!How dreadful!
    Abair gur àlainn e an-diugh!How beautiful that it is today!

Verb[edit]

abair (past thuirt, future their, verbal noun ràdh, past participle ráite)

  1. say

Participles[edit]

Tense \ Voice Active Passive
Present ag ràdh --
Past thuirt thuirteadh
Future their theirear
Conditional theireadh theirteadh

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]