affor

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See also: AFFOR

English[edit]

Adverb[edit]

affor ‎(not comparable)

  1. Obsolete spelling of afore

Preposition[edit]

affor

  1. Obsolete spelling of afore ‎(before, in advance of the time of)
    • 1501 Testamenta Eboracensia: A Selection of Wills from the Registry at York Vol. IV (1869, York District Probate Registry, England), page 196:
      providid that if it happen one of theym to decesse affor sche be maried, her porcion to be disposed to th’use and behove of Robert my son []
    • 1630-1650, William Bradford, journal, as quoted by Janet Farrell Brodie, Contraception and Abortion in Nineteenth-Century America (1994, Cornell University Press), page 38:
      prayed him to forgive her, for Lyford had overcome her, and defiled her body before mariage affor he had comended him onto her for a husband.
    • 1881, John Matthias Weylland, Our Veterans: Life-stories of the London City Mission, page 168:
      I was in here four times, and went out to try to get on, but couldn't, affor I comed in sixteen years ago, and my old woman was in affor she died.
  2. Obsolete spelling of afore ‎(before, geographically or metaphorically in front of)
    • 16C, title unavailable, as quoted by Arthur Geoffrey Dickens, Clifford Letters of the Sixteenth Century (1962), volume [illegible], page 116:
      She wold have putt in her bill of complant affor my Lord of Richmonde’s counsell.
    • 1856, the Rev. F. R. Raines, M.A., F.S.A., “Examynatyons Towcheynge Cokeye More”, in Remains Historical and Literary Connected with the Palatine Counties of Lancaster and Chester, volume 37 (Chetham Society), page 20:
      Theyn he and v other psons yt ys to wytt Jħn Walker Wyllyā Haslű Thomas ffleccher Perys Holt ƿ Rog’ Leyu’ testefyed this mat’ for thrwe affor me lord the Justys of Lanchastr.

Quotations[edit]

  • 1502 James Raine and John William Clay, Testamenta Eboracensia: Illustrative of the History, Manners, Language, Statistics, Etc. Vol. IV (1869, J. B. Nichols, York, England), page 126:
    if it please Gode, my body to be buryed in Seynt Trinite kyrke in Hull, affor the Sacrament, of the north syd of the yle

References[edit]

  • 1994, Andrew E. Benjamin and Peter Osborne, Walter Benjamin's Philosophy: Destruction and Experience, page 128, Routledge
    The Latin prefix ad-, and accordingly af-, marks the opening of an act, and of an act of opening, as in the very appropriate example of affor, meaning ‘addressing’, for example when taking leave.

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ad- +‎ for ‎(speak, say).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

affor ‎(present infinitive affārī, perfect active affātus sum); first conjugation, deponent

  1. I speak to, address, accost, implore.
  2. (in a passive sense) I fix the use of the auspices, I am destined.

Inflection[edit]

  • In Classical Latin, affor was used only in the present indicative, but not in the first-person, the perfect active participle and the infinitive.
   Conjugation of affor (first conjugation, deponent)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present affor affāris, affāre affātur affāmur affāminī affantur
imperfect affābar affābāris, affābāre affābātur affābāmur affābāminī affābantur
future affābor affāberis, affābere affābitur affābimur affābiminī affābuntur
perfect affātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect affātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect affātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present affer affēris, affēre affētur affēmur affēminī affentur
imperfect affārer affārēris, affārēre affārētur affārēmur affārēminī affārentur
perfect affātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect affātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present affāre affāminī
future affātor affātor affantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives affārī affātus esse affātūrus esse affātum īrī
participles affāns affātus affātūrus affandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
affārī affandī affandō affandum affātum affātū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Scots[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Preposition[edit]

affor

  1. before, afore
    • 1526-1534, John Hackett, as quoted in The Letters of Sir John Hackett (1971, West Virginia University Library):
      [I] know somwhat from other partyys that imagenys by som prewe conwoyanssis that is in demenyng be twyx France and Spaeyn that affor the monyth of Augost next comyng that ther salbe peace maede betwyx the Emperor and the Frenche Kyng.
    • 7 April 1565 William Chambers, Charters and Documents Relating to the Burgh of Peebles (1872, Scottish Burgh Records Society), page 299:
      The counsall ordanis the scuill master to provid ane doctur to tech the scuill, and ilk honest man that hes bairnis to gif the said doctur his meit about, and ordanis the said master to wait himself better on the bairnis nor he doid affor tyme as he will andssur to thame thairvpon.
    • 17C, William R. Boyd, Calendar of the State Papers related to Scotland and Mary, Queen of Scots 1547-1603:
      ... hagbuttares on horsbak com to this towne of Stryviling quhair all the nobilite vas assemblit, enterit vytin the towne affor any vytin knew of them.
    • 1867, Ledger of Andrew Halyburton, H. M. General Register House (Scotland), page 214:
      Item in Jun anno affor writyn, rassauit fra W. Hoper for fynans that my Lord maid wt hys fadir 500 ducatis.