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  1. first-person singular present indicative of astringere



Alternative forms[edit]


From ad- +‎ stringō.



astringō (present infinitive astringere, perfect active astrīnxī, supine astrictum); third conjugation

  1. I draw close, bind or tie together; tighten, contract
  2. I check, repress, restrain
  3. I put under obligation, oblige, necessitate


   Conjugation of astringo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present astringō astringis astringit astringimus astringitis astringunt
imperfect astringēbam astringēbās astringēbat astringēbāmus astringēbātis astringēbant
future astringam astringēs astringet astringēmus astringētis astringent
perfect astrīnxī astrīnxistī astrīnxit astrīnximus astrīnxistis astrīnxērunt, astrīnxēre
pluperfect astrīnxeram astrīnxerās astrīnxerat astrīnxerāmus astrīnxerātis astrīnxerant
future perfect astrīnxerō astrīnxeris astrīnxerit astrīnxerimus astrīnxeritis astrīnxerint
passive present astringor astringeris, astringere astringitur astringimur astringiminī astringuntur
imperfect astringēbar astringēbāris, astringēbāre astringēbātur astringēbāmur astringēbāminī astringēbantur
future astringar astringēris, astringēre astringētur astringēmur astringēminī astringentur
perfect astrictus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect astrictus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect astrictus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present astringam astringās astringat astringāmus astringātis astringant
imperfect astringerem astringerēs astringeret astringerēmus astringerētis astringerent
perfect astrīnxerim astrīnxerīs astrīnxerit astrīnxerīmus astrīnxerītis astrīnxerint
pluperfect astrīnxissem astrīnxissēs astrīnxisset astrīnxissēmus astrīnxissētis astrīnxissent
passive present astringar astringāris, astringāre astringātur astringāmur astringāminī astringantur
imperfect astringerer astringerēris, astringerēre astringerētur astringerēmur astringerēminī astringerentur
perfect astrictus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect astrictus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present astringe astringite
future astringitō astringitō astringitōte astringuntō
passive present astringere astringiminī
future astringitor astringitor astringuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives astringere astrīnxisse astrictūrus esse astringī astrictus esse astrictum īrī
participles astringēns astrictūrus astrictus astringendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
astringere astringendī astringendō astringendum astrictum astrictū



  • astringo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • astringo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • astringo” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to make a speech rhythmical: numeris orationem astringere, vincire
    • to commit a crime and so make oneself liable to the consequences of it: scelere se devincire, se obstringere, astringi
    • to bind some one by an oath: iureiurando aliquem astringere