bolha

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Hungarian[edit]

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 bolha on Hungarian Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from a Slavic language. Compare Proto-Slavic *blъxa.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈbolɦɒ]
  • Hyphenation: bol‧ha
  • Rhymes: -hɒ

Noun[edit]

bolha (plural bolhák)

  1. flea (a small, wingless, parasitic insect of the order Siphonaptera, renowned for its bloodsucking habits and jumping abilities)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative bolha bolhák
accusative bolhát bolhákat
dative bolhának bolháknak
instrumental bolhával bolhákkal
causal-final bolháért bolhákért
translative bolhává bolhákká
terminative bolháig bolhákig
essive-formal bolhaként bolhákként
essive-modal
inessive bolhában bolhákban
superessive bolhán bolhákon
adessive bolhánál bolháknál
illative bolhába bolhákba
sublative bolhára bolhákra
allative bolhához bolhákhoz
elative bolhából bolhákból
delative bolháról bolhákról
ablative bolhától bolháktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
bolháé bolháké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
bolháéi bolhákéi
Possessive forms of bolha
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. bolhám bolháim
2nd person sing. bolhád bolháid
3rd person sing. bolhája bolhái
1st person plural bolhánk bolháink
2nd person plural bolhátok bolháitok
3rd person plural bolhájuk bolháik

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words

References[edit]

  1. ^ bolha in Tótfalusi, István. Magyar etimológiai nagyszótár (’Hungarian Comprehensive Dictionary of Etymology’). Budapest: Arcanum Adatbázis, 2001; Arcanum DVD Könyvtár →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

  • bolha in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • bolha in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2022)

Portuguese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin bulla. Doublet of bola and bula.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbo.ʎɐ/, [ˈbo.ʎɐ]

  • Hyphenation: bo‧lha

Noun[edit]

bolha f (plural bolhas)

  1. bubble (a spherical volume of contained fluid)
    1. bubble (a sphere of soapy liquid)
    2. bubble (spherical cavity in solid material)
    3. blister (pocket of fluid in the skin)
      Synonyms: empola, vesícula
  2. (economics) bubble (period of intense speculation in a market)
  3. (figuratively) bubble (environment in which one is immersed)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bolha (invariable)

  1. (Brazil, slang, of a person) lame; uncool; pathetic

Noun[edit]

bolha m or f (plural bolhas)

  1. (Brazil, slang) a lame or pathetic person

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *blъxa (flea), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰluseh₂ (flea).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bółha f

  1. flea

Inflection[edit]

Feminine, a-stem
nom. sing. bôlha
gen. sing. bôlhe
singular dual plural
nominative bôlha bôlhi bôlhe
accusative bôlho bôlhi bôlhe
genitive bôlhe bôlh bôlh
dative bôlhi bôlhama bôlham
locative bôlhi bôlhah bôlhah
instrumental bôlho bôlhama bôlhami
Feminine, a-stem, mobile accent
nom. sing. bôlha
gen. sing. bolhé
singular dual plural
nominative bôlha bolhé bolhé
accusative bolhó bolhé bolhé
genitive bolhé bolhá bolhá
dative bôlhi bolháma bolhàm
locative bôlhi bolhàh bolhàh
instrumental bolhó bolháma bolhámi

Further reading[edit]

  • bolha”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran