bolha

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Hungarian[edit]

 bolha on Hungarian Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from a Slavic language. Compare Proto-Slavic *blъxa.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈbolɦɒ]
  • Hyphenation: bol‧ha
  • Rhymes: -hɒ

Noun[edit]

bolha (plural bolhák)

  1. flea (a small, wingless, parasitic insect of the order Siphonaptera, renowned for its bloodsucking habits and jumping abilities)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative bolha bolhák
accusative bolhát bolhákat
dative bolhának bolháknak
instrumental bolhával bolhákkal
causal-final bolháért bolhákért
translative bolhává bolhákká
terminative bolháig bolhákig
essive-formal bolhaként bolhákként
essive-modal
inessive bolhában bolhákban
superessive bolhán bolhákon
adessive bolhánál bolháknál
illative bolhába bolhákba
sublative bolhára bolhákra
allative bolhához bolhákhoz
elative bolhából bolhákból
delative bolháról bolhákról
ablative bolhától bolháktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
bolháé bolháké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
bolháéi bolhákéi
Possessive forms of bolha
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. bolhám bolháim
2nd person sing. bolhád bolháid
3rd person sing. bolhája bolhái
1st person plural bolhánk bolháink
2nd person plural bolhátok bolháitok
3rd person plural bolhájuk bolháik

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words

References[edit]

  1. ^ bolha in Tótfalusi, István. Magyar etimológiai nagyszótár (’Hungarian Comprehensive Dictionary of Etymology’). Budapest: Arcanum Adatbázis, 2001; Arcanum DVD Könyvtár →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

  • bolha in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • bolha in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (‘A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2024)

Portuguese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin bulla. Doublet of bola and bula.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: bo‧lha

Noun[edit]

bolha f (plural bolhas)

  1. bubble (a spherical volume of contained fluid)
    1. bubble (a sphere of soapy liquid)
    2. bubble (spherical cavity in solid material)
    3. blister (pocket of fluid in the skin)
      Synonyms: empola, vesícula
  2. (economics) bubble (period of intense speculation in a market)
  3. (figurative) bubble (environment in which one is immersed)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bolha (invariable)

  1. (Brazil, slang, of a person) lame; uncool; pathetic

Noun[edit]

bolha m or f by sense (plural bolhas)

  1. (Brazil, slang) a lame or pathetic person

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *blъxa, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *blúšāˀ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰlúseh₂.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bółha f

  1. flea

Inflection[edit]

The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Feminine, a-stem
nom. sing. bôlha
gen. sing. bôlhe
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
bôlha bôlhi bôlhe
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
bôlhe bôlh bôlh
dative
(dajȃlnik)
bôlhi bôlhama bôlham
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
bôlho bôlhi bôlhe
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
bôlhi bôlhah bôlhah
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
bôlho bôlhama bôlhami
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Feminine, a-stem, long mixed accent
nom. sing. bôlha
gen. sing. bolhé
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
bôlha bolhé bolhé
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
bolhé bolhá bolhá
dative
(dajȃlnik)
bôlhi bolháma bolhàm
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
bolhó bolhé bolhé
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
bôlhi bolhàh bolhàh
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
bolhó bolháma bolhámi

Further reading[edit]

  • bolha”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran
  • bolha”, in Termania, Amebis
  • See also the general references