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From Ottoman Turkish دوشمك (düşmek, to fall, go down, decline, to fall or pass into a condition), from Proto-Turkic *düĺ- (to fall, move down).[1] See Hungarian dűl, dől (to tumble, lean, tilt), a loanword from an Oghur Turkic language. Compare also Kalmyk дөлих (dölix, to bend, twist), Evenki до̄лды̄ (dōldī, to bend).

Cognate with Old Turkic [script needed] (tüş-, to fall, go down, land), Azerbaijani düşmək (to fall, drop, get off), Bashkir төшөү (töšöw, to go down, fall, land), Kyrgyz түшүү (tüşüü, to fall, descend, get off), Turkmen düşmek (to descend, dismount, fall), Tuvan дүжер (düžär, to fall, sink), Uzbek tushmoq (to alight, fall, descend), Yakut түс (tüs, to fall).


düşmek (third-person singular simple present düşer)

  1. (intransitive) to fall, fall down
  2. (intransitive) to fall, drop, go down, decrease
  3. (transitive) to subtract; to deduct
  4. (intransitive, for a fetus) to be miscarried; to be aborted
  5. (intransitive) to fall into, be overcome by (doubts, worry, trouble), to wind up in, end up in
  6. (intransitive) to get tired and weak, fall from power
  7. (intransitive) to lie in (a certain direction)
  8. (intransitive) to receive, get as one's share
  9. (intransitive, colloquial) to live in sexual intimacy with, sleep around with


Derived terms[edit]


  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*düĺ-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill

Further reading[edit]

  • düşmek in Turkish dictionaries at Türk Dil Kurumu