derven

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Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch darven, derven, from Old Dutch *tharvon, from Proto-Germanic *þarbōną.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈdɛrvə(n)/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛrvən

Verb[edit]

derven

  1. (transitive, archaic) to lack, want

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of derven (weak)
infinitive derven
past singular derfde
past participle gederfd
infinitive derven
gerund derven n
present tense past tense
1st person singular derf derfde
2nd person sing. (jij) derft derfde
2nd person sing. (u) derft derfde
2nd person sing. (gij) derft derfde
3rd person singular derft derfde
plural derven derfden
subjunctive sing.1 derve derfde
subjunctive plur.1 derven derfden
imperative sing. derf
imperative plur.1 derft
participles dervend gederfd
1) Archaic.

Middle Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

derven

  1. Alternative form of darven

Middle English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English deorfan (to exert oneself, labor; be in peril, perish, be wrecked), from Proto-Germanic *derbaną (to swink, labour, perish), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰerHbʰ- (to work, perish, die). Some senses (transitive) apparently from Old English *dierfan, from Proto-Germanic *darbijaną, causative of the above. Cognate with Dutch bederven, verderven (to spoil, corrupt, pervert), Low German verdarven (to spoil), German verderben (to ruin, spoil, corrupt), Icelandic fordjarfa (to disgrace), Lithuanian dìrbti (to work).

Verb[edit]

derven (third-person singular simple present derveth, present participle dervende, simple past darf, past participle ydorven)

  1. (intransitive) To labour.
  2. (transitive) To trouble; grieve; hurt; afflict; molest.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]