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See also: excusó




  1. first-person singular present indicative form of excusar



From ex- +‎ causa (cause, reason; case) +‎ .



excūsō (present infinitive excūsāre, perfect active excūsāvī, supine excusātum); first conjugation

  1. I excuse, allege in excuse; literally, free from a charge.
    • Saint Jerome
      Dum excusare credis, accusas
      When you believe you are excusing yourself, you are accusing yourself.


   Conjugation of excuso (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present excūsō excūsās excūsat excūsāmus excūsātis excūsant
imperfect excūsābam excūsābās excūsābat excūsābāmus excūsābātis excūsābant
future excūsābō excūsābis excūsābit excūsābimus excūsābitis excūsābunt
perfect excūsāvī excūsāvistī, excūsāsti1 excūsāvit excūsāvimus excūsāvistis, excūsāstis1 excūsāvērunt, excūsāvēre
pluperfect excūsāveram excūsāverās excūsāverat excūsāverāmus excūsāverātis excūsāverant
future perfect excūsāverō excūsāveris excūsāverit excūsāverimus excūsāveritis excūsāverint
passive present excūsor excūsāris, excūsāre excūsātur excūsāmur excūsāminī excūsantur
imperfect excūsābar excūsābāris, excūsābāre excūsābātur excūsābāmur excūsābāminī excūsābantur
future excūsābor excūsāberis, excūsābere excūsābitur excūsābimur excūsābiminī excūsābuntur
perfect excūsātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect excūsātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect excūsātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present excūsem excūsēs excūset excūsēmus excūsētis excūsent
imperfect excūsārem excūsārēs excūsāret excūsārēmus excūsārētis excūsārent
perfect excūsāverim excūsāverīs excūsāverit excūsāverīmus excūsāverītis excūsāverint
pluperfect excūsāvissem, excūsāssem1 excūsāvissēs, excūsāsses1 excūsāvisset, excūsāsset1 excūsāvissēmus, excūsāssemus1 excūsāvissētis, excūsāssetis1 excūsāvissent, excūsāssent1
passive present excūser excūsēris, excūsēre excūsētur excūsēmur excūsēminī excūsentur
imperfect excūsārer excūsārēris, excūsārēre excūsārētur excūsārēmur excūsārēminī excūsārentur
perfect excūsātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect excūsātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present excūsā excūsāte
future excūsātō excūsātō excūsātōte excūsantō
passive present excūsāre excūsāminī
future excūsātor excūsātor excūsantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives excūsāre excūsāvisse, excūsāsse1 excūsātūrus esse excūsārī excūsātus esse excūsātum īrī
participles excūsāns excūsātūrus excūsātus excūsandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
excūsāre excūsandī excūsandō excūsandum excūsātum excūsātū

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • excuso in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • excuso in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • excuso in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to excuse oneself on the score of health: valetudinem (morbum) excusare (Liv. 6. 22. 7)
    • to plead ill-health as an excuse for absence: excusare morbum, valetudinem




  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of excusar.