gaume

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See also: gaumē

Latvian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A borrowing from some Germanic language (cf. Old Norse gaum (attention), Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐌿𐌼𐌾𐌰𐌽 (gaumjan, to notice, to observe)), first mentioned in 18th-century dictionaries with the meaning of “attention,” a meaning attested dialectally still in the 1870s. The present meaning probably arose via the idea of “attention (to details);” by the end of the 19th century, it had become the standard meaning for this word.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

gaume f (5th declension)

  1. taste (aesthetic and cultural discernment, the sense of what is aesthetically or culturally better)
    laba gaumegood taste
    ģērbties ar gaumito dress with taste
    izkopt muzikālo gaumito cultivate musical taste
    lēta, slikta gaumecheap, poor taste
    mākslinieka gaumi vispirms nosaka prasme atšķirt labu darbu no sliktaan artist's taste is first of all expressed (as the) capacity to distingusih good work from bad
  2. taste (someone's individual preferences)
    tāds darbs ir viņa gaumēsuch work is in his taste
    nē, tādas izpriecas nav manā gaumēno, this kind of pastime, entertainment is not in my taste
    plašā piedāvājumā: telpaugi dažādām gaumēm!wide selection of house plants for every taste!
    cik vīriešu, tik gaumju(there are) as many preferences as (there are) men
  3. style, cuisine (following a certain recipe or culinary tradition)
    ēdiens poļu gaumēfood in Polish taste (= style, i.e., following Polish recipes, tradition)
    pirmo reizi atkal pēc ilgāka laika bija iespējams kārtīgi paēst un pie tam izslavētas vācu gaumē pagatavotās siļķu kotletesfor the first time again after a long time it was possible to eat well, in fact the celebrated herring meatballs, prepared in the German style (lit. taste)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “gaume”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7