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See also: gaumē


Alternative forms[edit]


A borrowing from some Proto-Germanic language (cf. Old Norse gaum(attention), Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐌿𐌼𐌾𐌰𐌽(gaumjan, to notice, to observe)), first mentioned in 18th-century dictionaries with the meaning of “attention,” a meaning attested dialectally still in the 1870s. The present meaning probably arose via the idea of “attention (to details);” by the end of the 19th century, it had become the standard meaning for this word.[1]




gaume f (5th declension)

  1. taste (aesthetic and cultural discernment, the sense of what is aesthetically or culturally better)
    laba gaume‎ ― good taste
    ģērbties ar gaumi‎ ― to dress with taste
    izkopt muzikālo gaumi‎ ― to cultivate musical taste
    lēta, slikta gaume‎ ― cheap, poor taste
    mākslinieka gaumi vispirms nosaka prasme atšķirt labu darbu no slikta‎ ― an artist's taste is first of all expressed (as the) capacity to distingusih good work from bad
  2. taste (someone's individual preferences)
    tāds darbs ir viņa gaumē‎ ― such work is in his taste
    nē, tādas izpriecas nav manā gaumē‎ ― no, this kind of pastime, entertainment is not in my taste
    plašā piedāvājumā: telpaugi dažādām gaumēm!‎ ― wide selection of house plants for every taste!
    cik vīriešu, tik gaumju‎ ― (there are) as many preferences as (there are) men
  3. style, cuisine (following a certain recipe or culinary tradition)
    ēdiens poļu gaumē‎ ― food in Polish taste (= style, i.e., following Polish recipes, tradition)
    pirmo reizi atkal pēc ilgāka laika bija iespējams kārtīgi paēst un pie tam izslavētas vācu gaumē pagatavotās siļķu kotletes‎ ― for the first time again after a long time it was possible to eat well, in fact the celebrated herring meatballs, prepared in the German style (lit. taste)



Derived terms[edit]


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “gaume”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7