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Etymology 1[edit]

From an alteration (possibly Scots) of glore, from Middle English glōren, glouren (to gleam; to glare, glower);[1] or from glow (to stare) (obsolete), and ultimately from a Scandinavian (North Germanic) language.[2] Cognate with Low German gloren (to flicker; to glimmer), Middle Dutch gloren, Icelandic glóra.[1] See more at glare.



glower (third-person singular simple present glowers, present participle glowering, simple past and past participle glowered)

  1. (intransitive) To look or stare with anger. [from late 15th c.]
    • [1720?], [Allan Ramsay], Patie and Roger: A Pastoral Inscribed to Josiah Burchet Esq; Secretary of the Admiralty, [Edinburgh?: Thomas Ruddiman for the author?], →OCLC, page 9:
      [...] Last Morning I was unco airly out, / Upon a Dyke I lean'd and glowr'd about; / I ſaw my Meg come linkan o'er the Lee, / I ſaw my Meg, but Maggie ſaw na me: [...]
    • 1816, [Walter Scott], chapter IX, in The Antiquary. [], volume II, Edinburgh: [] James Ballantyne and Co. for Archibald Constable and Co.; London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, →OCLC, page 236:
      Now look at this board that I just flung into the dark aisle out o' the way, while Monkbarns was glowering ower a' the silver yonder.
    • 1858 May 1, [Percy Hetherington Fitzgerald], “By Night Express”, in Charles Dickens, editor, Household Words. A Weekly Journal, volume XVII, number 423, London: Published at the office, 16, Wellington Street North, Strand; printed by Bradbury & Evans, Whitefriars, London, →OCLC, page 479:
      Here the Neapolitan appeared at the door, glouring at us both. Velvet-Hood was back in her place in an instant. Said he, in his snarling way, his black eyes shooting out sparkles. "What is this hole and corner work? These confidences when I am gone—speak?"
    • 1864, J[oseph] Sheridan Le Fanu, “Dorcas Brandon Pays Rachel a Visit”, in Wylder’s Hand. [], New York, N.Y.: Carleton, [], published 1865, →OCLC, pages 140–141:
      At sight of this castle or cottage in the air, Rachel lighted up. The little whim had something tranquilizing and balmy. It was escape—flight from Gylingden—flight from Brandon—flight from Redman's Farm: they and all their hated associations would be far behind, and that awful page in her story, not torn out, indeed, but gummed down as it were, and no longer glaring and glowering in her eyes every moment of her waking life.
    • 1868, S. H. M. Byers, “Appendix. Andersonville as It Was and Is. [From the Boston Transcript.]”, in What I Saw in Dixie; or Sixteen Months in Rebel Prisons, Dansville, N.Y.: Robbins & Poore, printers, Express Printing House, →OCLC, page 92:
      Andersonville, to-day, presents a striking contrast to the Andersonville of the "Confederacy." [...] No bayonet gleams from the sentry-boxes on the stockade or the dark red earthworks; no frowning muzzle of field artillery glowers from the embrasures of the battery, overlooking town and prison; [...]
    • 1917, T[homas] S[igismund] Stribling, “The Dry Dock”, in The Cruise of the Dry Dock, Chicago, Ill.: The Reilly & Britton Co., →OCLC, pages 20–21:
      This soothed the irascible fellow somewhat. Still glowering, he spraddled out of the cabin with the boys after him, and presently indicated one of the small temporary cabins with a jerk of his thumb.
    • 1974, Algernon D. Black, “Marriage”, in Without Burnt Offerings: Ceremonies of Humanism, New York, N.Y.: Viking Press, →ISBN, page 107:
      She glowered at me; nothing would quiet her.
    • 1988, Robert W. Topping, “Growth under Edward C. Elliott”, in A Century and Beyond: The History of Purdue University, West Lafayette, Ind.: Purdue University Press, →ISBN, page 227:
      [Charles Francis] Harding was a kindly, quiet man, though he seemed to glower through his pince nez spectacles.
    • 2017 July 7, Ignatiy Vishnevetsky, “The Ambitious War For The Planet Of The Apes Ends Up Surrendering to Formula”, in The A.V. Club[1], archived from the original on 27 November 2017:
      [A] less interesting character here than in the previous two films, Caesar glowers through the movie, as though aware that he has been condemned to a script that is rushing to clear the stage for the straightforward Planet Of The Apes remake first teased in Rise Of The Planet Of The Apes.


glower (plural glowers)

  1. An angry glare or stare. [from late 15th c.]
    She sure has an awful glower on her face.
    • 1862, John Brown, “Rab and His Friends”, in Spare Hours, Boston, Mass.: Ticknor and Fields, →OCLC, page 33:
      [H]e [Rab, a dog] growled and gave now and then a sharp impatient yelp; he would have liked to have done something to that man. But James had him firm, and gave him a glower from time to time, and an intimation of a possible kick;—all the better for James, it kept his eye and his mind off Ailie.
    • 2015, Carolyne Aarsen, chapter 6, in The Cowboy’s Homecoming (Love Inspired Books), New York, N.Y.: Harlequin, →ISBN, page 89:
      "I thought we could go a bit farther to the back pasture. You can get a better view." / "Of the extensive Bannister estate?" she said with a wry tone. / "Of the ranch," he said, a glower showing her that he didn't fully appreciate her comment.
    • 2016, Jo Ann Brown, chapter 1, in His Amish Sweetheart (Love Inspired Books; Amish Hearts; 3), New York, N.Y.: Harlequin, →ISBN:
      "Enough," Nathaniel repeated as he kept a tight hold on their suspenders. "What's been said was said. What's been done has been done. It's over. Let is go." / The glowers the boys gave him warned Nathaniel that he was wasting his breath.
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English glouere, equivalent to glow +‎ -er.



glower (plural glowers)

  1. That which glows or emits light.
    • 1968, Mikaél’ A[bramovič] Bramson, “Special Infrared Sources”, in Richard B. Rodman, transl., edited by William L. Wolfe, Infrared Radiation: A Handbook for Applications: With a Collection of Reference Tables (Optical Physics and Engineering), New York, N.Y.: Plenum Press, →OCLC; republished New York, N.Y.: Springer-Verlag, 2013, →DOI, →ISBN, § 3 (Infrared Incandescent Lamps), page 274:
      Table 45 presents computed relative and absolute values for the spectral radiant emittance of a Nernst glower at T = 1965 and 2000°K (the corresponding emissivities are 0.427 and 0.438).


  1. 1.0 1.1 glōren, v.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 28 December 2017.
  2. ^ glower”, in Lexico,; Oxford University Press, 2019–2022.

Further reading[edit]