hlaba

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Northern Sotho[edit]

Verb[edit]

hlaba

  1. to stab

Phuthi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb[edit]

-hlaba

  1. to stab

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Sotho[edit]

Verb[edit]

hlaba

  1. to stab

Southern Ndebele[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb[edit]

-hlaba

  1. to stab, to slaughter

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Xhosa[edit]

Verb[edit]

-hlaba?

  1. to gore
  2. to bleed

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb[edit]

-hlaba

  1. (transitive) to pierce, to stick, to stab, to prick
  2. (transitive) to kill, to slaughter (an animal)
  3. (transitive) to cause sharp stabbing pains to
  4. (transitive) to hurt emotionally
  5. (transitive) to do perfectly

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukuhlaba
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuhlaba ukungahlabi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular hlaba -hlabe
Plural hlabani -hlabeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyahlaba, ngihlaba engihlabayo, engihlaba ngihlaba angihlabi engingahlabi ngingahlabi
2nd singular uyahlaba, uhlaba ohlabayo, ohlaba uhlaba awuhlabi ongahlabi ungahlabi
1st plural siyahlaba, sihlaba esihlabayo, esihlaba sihlaba asihlabi esingahlabi singahlabi
2nd plural niyahlaba, nihlaba enihlabayo, enihlaba nihlaba anihlabi eningahlabi ningahlabi
Class 1 uyahlaba, uhlaba ohlabayo, ohlaba ehlaba akahlabi ongahlabi engahlabi
Class 2 bayahlaba, bahlaba abahlabayo, abahlaba behlaba abahlabi abangahlabi bengahlabi
Class 3 uyahlaba, uhlaba ohlabayo, ohlaba uhlaba awuhlabi ongahlabi ungahlabi
Class 4 iyahlaba, ihlaba ehlabayo, ehlaba ihlaba ayihlabi engahlabi ingahlabi
Class 5 liyahlaba, lihlaba elihlabayo, elihlaba lihlaba alihlabi elingahlabi lingahlabi
Class 6 ayahlaba, ahlaba ahlabayo, ahlaba ehlaba awahlabi angahlabi engahlabi
Class 7 siyahlaba, sihlaba esihlabayo, esihlaba sihlaba asihlabi esingahlabi singahlabi
Class 8 ziyahlaba, zihlaba ezihlabayo, ezihlaba zihlaba azihlabi ezingahlabi zingahlabi
Class 9 iyahlaba, ihlaba ehlabayo, ehlaba ihlaba ayihlabi engahlabi ingahlabi
Class 10 ziyahlaba, zihlaba ezihlabayo, ezihlaba zihlaba azihlabi ezingahlabi zingahlabi
Class 11 luyahlaba, luhlaba oluhlabayo, oluhlaba luhlaba aluhlabi olungahlabi lungahlabi
Class 14 buyahlaba, buhlaba obuhlabayo, obuhlaba buhlaba abuhlabi obungahlabi bungahlabi
Class 15 kuyahlaba, kuhlaba okuhlabayo, okuhlaba kuhlaba akuhlabi okungahlabi kungahlabi
Class 17 kuyahlaba, kuhlaba okuhlabayo, okuhlaba kuhlaba akuhlabi okungahlabi kungahlabi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngihlabile, ngihlabē engihlabile, engihlabē ngihlabile, ngihlabē angihlabanga engingahlabanga ngingahlabanga
2nd singular uhlabile, uhlabē ohlabile, ohlabē uhlabile, uhlabē awuhlabanga ongahlabanga ungahlabanga
1st plural sihlabile, sihlabē esihlabile, esihlabē sihlabile, sihlabē asihlabanga esingahlabanga singahlabanga
2nd plural nihlabile, nihlabē enihlabile, enihlabē nihlabile, nihlabē anihlabanga eningahlabanga ningahlabanga
Class 1 uhlabile, uhlabē ohlabile, ohlabē ehlabile, ehlabē akahlabanga ongahlabanga engahlabanga
Class 2 bahlabile, bahlabē abahlabile, abahlabē behlabile, behlabē abahlabanga abangahlabanga bengahlabanga
Class 3 uhlabile, uhlabē ohlabile, ohlabē uhlabile, uhlabē awuhlabanga ongahlabanga ungahlabanga
Class 4 ihlabile, ihlabē ehlabile, ehlabē ihlabile, ihlabē ayihlabanga engahlabanga ingahlabanga
Class 5 lihlabile, lihlabē elihlabile, elihlabē lihlabile, lihlabē alihlabanga elingahlabanga lingahlabanga
Class 6 ahlabile, ahlabē ahlabile, ahlabē ehlabile, ehlabē awahlabanga angahlabanga engahlabanga
Class 7 sihlabile, sihlabē esihlabile, esihlabē sihlabile, sihlabē asihlabanga esingahlabanga singahlabanga
Class 8 zihlabile, zihlabē ezihlabile, ezihlabē zihlabile, zihlabē azihlabanga ezingahlabanga zingahlabanga
Class 9 ihlabile, ihlabē ehlabile, ehlabē ihlabile, ihlabē ayihlabanga engahlabanga ingahlabanga
Class 10 zihlabile, zihlabē ezihlabile, ezihlabē zihlabile, zihlabē azihlabanga ezingahlabanga zingahlabanga
Class 11 luhlabile, luhlabē oluhlabile, oluhlabē luhlabile, luhlabē aluhlabanga olungahlabanga lungahlabanga
Class 14 buhlabile, buhlabē obuhlabile, obuhlabē buhlabile, buhlabē abuhlabanga obungahlabanga bungahlabanga
Class 15 kuhlabile, kuhlabē okuhlabile, okuhlabē kuhlabile, kuhlabē akuhlabanga okungahlabanga kungahlabanga
Class 17 kuhlabile, kuhlabē okuhlabile, okuhlabē kuhlabile, kuhlabē akuhlabanga okungahlabanga kungahlabanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāhlaba engāhlaba ngāhlaba angihlabanga engingahlabanga ngingahlabanga
2nd singular wāhlaba owāhlaba wāhlaba awuhlabanga ongahlabanga ungahlabanga
1st plural sāhlaba esāhlaba sāhlaba asihlabanga esingahlabanga singahlabanga
2nd plural nāhlaba enāhlaba nāhlaba anihlabanga eningahlabanga ningahlabanga
Class 1 wāhlaba owāhlaba āhlaba akahlabanga ongahlabanga engahlabanga
Class 2 bāhlaba abāhlaba bāhlaba abahlabanga abangahlabanga bengahlabanga
Class 3 wāhlaba owāhlaba wāhlaba awuhlabanga ongahlabanga ungahlabanga
Class 4 yāhlaba eyāhlaba yāhlaba ayihlabanga engahlabanga ingahlabanga
Class 5 lāhlaba elāhlaba lāhlaba alihlabanga elingahlabanga lingahlabanga
Class 6 āhlaba āhlaba āhlaba awahlabanga angahlabanga engahlabanga
Class 7 sāhlaba esāhlaba sāhlaba asihlabanga esingahlabanga singahlabanga
Class 8 zāhlaba ezāhlaba zāhlaba azihlabanga ezingahlabanga zingahlabanga
Class 9 yāhlaba eyāhlaba yāhlaba ayihlabanga engahlabanga ingahlabanga
Class 10 zāhlaba ezāhlaba zāhlaba azihlabanga ezingahlabanga zingahlabanga
Class 11 lwāhlaba olwāhlaba lwāhlaba aluhlabanga olungahlabanga lungahlabanga
Class 14 bāhlaba obāhlaba bāhlaba abuhlabanga obungahlabanga bungahlabanga
Class 15 kwāhlaba okwāhlaba kwāhlaba akuhlabanga okungahlabanga kungahlabanga
Class 17 kwāhlaba okwāhlaba kwāhlaba akuhlabanga okungahlabanga kungahlabanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingahlaba ngingahlaba ngingehlabe ngingehlabe
2nd singular ungahlaba ungahlaba ungehlabe ungehlabe
1st plural singahlaba singahlaba singehlabe singehlabe
2nd plural ningahlaba ningahlaba ningehlabe ningehlabe
Class 1 angahlaba engahlaba angehlabe engehlabe
Class 2 bangahlaba bengahlaba bangehlabe bengehlabe
Class 3 ungahlaba ungahlaba ungehlabe ungehlabe
Class 4 ingahlaba ingahlaba ingehlabe ingehlabe
Class 5 lingahlaba lingahlaba lingehlabe lingehlabe
Class 6 angahlaba engahlaba angehlabe engehlabe
Class 7 singahlaba singahlaba singehlabe singehlabe
Class 8 zingahlaba zingahlaba zingehlabe zingehlabe
Class 9 ingahlaba ingahlaba ingehlabe ingehlabe
Class 10 zingahlaba zingahlaba zingehlabe zingehlabe
Class 11 lungahlaba lungahlaba lungehlabe lungehlabe
Class 14 bungahlaba bungahlaba bungehlabe bungehlabe
Class 15 kungahlaba kungahlaba kungehlabe kungehlabe
Class 17 kungahlaba kungahlaba kungehlabe kungehlabe
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizohlaba engizohlaba ngizohlaba angizuhlaba engingezuhlaba ngingezuhlaba
2nd singular uzohlaba ozohlaba uzohlaba awuzuhlaba ongezuhlaba ungezuhlaba
1st plural sizohlaba esizohlaba sizohlaba asizuhlaba esingezuhlaba singezuhlaba
2nd plural nizohlaba enizohlaba nizohlaba anizuhlaba eningezuhlaba ningezuhlaba
Class 1 uzohlaba ozohlaba ezohlaba akazuhlaba ongezuhlaba engezuhlaba
Class 2 bazohlaba abazohlaba bezohlaba abazuhlaba abangezuhlaba bengezuhlaba
Class 3 uzohlaba ozohlaba uzohlaba awuzuhlaba ongezuhlaba ungezuhlaba
Class 4 izohlaba ezohlaba izohlaba ayizuhlaba engezuhlaba ingezuhlaba
Class 5 lizohlaba elizohlaba lizohlaba alizuhlaba elingezuhlaba lingezuhlaba
Class 6 azohlaba azohlaba ezohlaba awazuhlaba angezuhlaba engezuhlaba
Class 7 sizohlaba esizohlaba sizohlaba asizuhlaba esingezuhlaba singezuhlaba
Class 8 zizohlaba ezizohlaba zizohlaba azizuhlaba ezingezuhlaba zingezuhlaba
Class 9 izohlaba ezohlaba izohlaba ayizuhlaba engezuhlaba ingezuhlaba
Class 10 zizohlaba ezizohlaba zizohlaba azizuhlaba ezingezuhlaba zingezuhlaba
Class 11 luzohlaba oluzohlaba luzohlaba aluzuhlaba olungezuhlaba lungezuhlaba
Class 14 buzohlaba obuzohlaba buzohlaba abuzuhlaba obungezuhlaba bungezuhlaba
Class 15 kuzohlaba okuzohlaba kuzohlaba akuzuhlaba okungezuhlaba kungezuhlaba
Class 17 kuzohlaba okuzohlaba kuzohlaba akuzuhlaba okungezuhlaba kungezuhlaba
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyohlaba engiyohlaba ngiyohlaba angiyuhlaba engingeyuhlaba ngingeyuhlaba
2nd singular uyohlaba oyohlaba uyohlaba awuyuhlaba ongeyuhlaba ungeyuhlaba
1st plural siyohlaba esiyohlaba siyohlaba asiyuhlaba esingeyuhlaba singeyuhlaba
2nd plural niyohlaba eniyohlaba niyohlaba aniyuhlaba eningeyuhlaba ningeyuhlaba
Class 1 uyohlaba oyohlaba eyohlaba akayuhlaba ongeyuhlaba engeyuhlaba
Class 2 bayohlaba abayohlaba beyohlaba abayuhlaba abangeyuhlaba bengeyuhlaba
Class 3 uyohlaba oyohlaba uyohlaba awuyuhlaba ongeyuhlaba ungeyuhlaba
Class 4 iyohlaba eyohlaba iyohlaba ayiyuhlaba engeyuhlaba ingeyuhlaba
Class 5 liyohlaba eliyohlaba liyohlaba aliyuhlaba elingeyuhlaba lingeyuhlaba
Class 6 ayohlaba ayohlaba eyohlaba awayuhlaba angeyuhlaba engeyuhlaba
Class 7 siyohlaba esiyohlaba siyohlaba asiyuhlaba esingeyuhlaba singeyuhlaba
Class 8 ziyohlaba eziyohlaba ziyohlaba aziyuhlaba ezingeyuhlaba zingeyuhlaba
Class 9 iyohlaba eyohlaba iyohlaba ayiyuhlaba engeyuhlaba ingeyuhlaba
Class 10 ziyohlaba eziyohlaba ziyohlaba aziyuhlaba ezingeyuhlaba zingeyuhlaba
Class 11 luyohlaba oluyohlaba luyohlaba aluyuhlaba olungeyuhlaba lungeyuhlaba
Class 14 buyohlaba obuyohlaba buyohlaba abuyuhlaba obungeyuhlaba bungeyuhlaba
Class 15 kuyohlaba okuyohlaba kuyohlaba akuyuhlaba okungeyuhlaba kungeyuhlaba
Class 17 kuyohlaba okuyohlaba kuyohlaba akuyuhlaba okungeyuhlaba kungeyuhlaba
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngihlabe ngingahlabi
2nd singular uhlabe ungahlabi
1st plural sihlabe singahlabi
2nd plural nihlabe ningahlabi
Class 1 ahlabe angahlabi
Class 2 bahlabe bangahlabi
Class 3 uhlabe ungahlabi
Class 4 ihlabe ingahlabi
Class 5 lihlabe lingahlabi
Class 6 ahlabe angahlabi
Class 7 sihlabe singahlabi
Class 8 zihlabe zingahlabi
Class 9 ihlabe ingahlabi
Class 10 zihlabe zingahlabi
Class 11 luhlabe lungahlabi
Class 14 buhlabe bungahlabi
Class 15 kuhlabe kungahlabi
Class 17 kuhlabe kungahlabi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngahlaba ngangahlaba, angahlaba, angangahlaba
2nd singular wahlaba wangahlaba, awahlaba, awangahlaba
1st plural sahlaba sangahlaba, asahlaba, asangahlaba
2nd plural nahlaba nangahlaba, anahlaba, anangahlaba
Class 1 wahlaba wangahlaba, akahlaba, akangahlaba
Class 2 bahlaba bangahlaba, abahlaba, abangahlaba
Class 3 wahlaba wangahlaba, awahlaba, awangahlaba
Class 4 yahlaba yangahlaba, ayahlaba, ayangahlaba
Class 5 lahlaba langahlaba, alahlaba, alangahlaba
Class 6 ahlaba angahlaba, awahlaba, awangahlaba
Class 7 sahlaba sangahlaba, asahlaba, asangahlaba
Class 8 zahlaba zangahlaba, azahlaba, azangahlaba
Class 9 yahlaba yangahlaba, ayahlaba, ayangahlaba
Class 10 zahlaba zangahlaba, azahlaba, azangahlaba
Class 11 lwahlaba lwangahlaba, alwahlaba, alwangahlaba
Class 14 bahlaba bangahlaba, abahlaba, abangahlaba
Class 15 kwahlaba kwangahlaba, akwahlaba, akwangahlaba
Class 17 kwahlaba kwangahlaba, akwahlaba, akwangahlaba

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]