From Late Middle English introite (“act of entering in or into, entrance; place of entrance”), borrowed from Old French introït, introïte (“introit”) (modern French introït), or from its etymon Latin introitus (“act of entering in or into, entrance; passage; place of entrance; (figuratively) beginning, introduction, prelude”), from introeō (“to enter, go in”) + -tus (suffix forming action nouns from verbs). Introeō is derived from intrō (“to enter, go into”) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁én (“in”)) + eō (“to go”) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ey- (“to go”)).
- (Received Pronunciation) enPR: ĭnʹtroit, ĭntrōʹĭt, IPA(key): /ˈɪntɹɔɪt/, /ɪnˈtɹəʊɪt/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈɪnˌtɹɔɪt/, /ən-/
Audio (GA) (file)
- Rhymes: -əʊɪt (one pronunciation)
- Rhymes: -ɔɪt (one pronunciation)
- Hyphenation: in‧troit, in‧tro‧it
introit (plural introits)
- (Christianity, chiefly Protestantism, music) A composition of vocal music sung at the opening of a church service.
- (Christianity, chiefly Protestantism, music) An anthem or psalm sung before a Communion service.
- (Roman Catholicism, music) A part of a psalm or other portion of the Bible read or sung at Mass immediately after the priest ascends to the altar.
- Synonym: introitus
- 1982, Andrew Hughes, “Mass”, in Medieval Manuscripts for Mass and Office: A Guide to Their Organization and Terminology, Toronto, Ont.; Buffalo, N.Y.: University of Toronto Press, published 2004, →ISBN, page 84:
- At some time during these sacerdotal preces the choir will usually have started the sung introit, the exact time for beginning the item dependent on a number of features such as the distance from sacristy to altar.
- 2000, James [W.] McKinnon, “The Introit”, in The Advent Project: The Later-seventh-century Creation of the Roman Mass Proper, Berkeley; Los Angeles, Calif.; London: University of California Press, →ISBN, page 195:
- The earliest unequivocal reference to the Roman introit is from the turn-of-the-eighth-century Ordo romanus I, where the chant is described in its fully developed early medieval form. Consisting of an antiphon and psalm, it is sung during the entrance of the pope at the beginning of Mass.
- (Roman Catholicism, music) A psalm sung or chanted immediately before the collect, epistle, and gospel, and while the priest is entering within the rails of the altar, which begins with the line “Requiem aeternam dona eis, Domine” (“Grant them eternal rest, O Lord”).
- (obsolete) The action of entering or going in; an entrance.
- (obsolete, figuratively) An introduction.
- (obsolete, Christianity) The first few words of the office (“daily service”) for a particular day, sometimes used to refer to the day.
- [1833, [Nicholas] Harris Nicolas, “Preface”, in Dionysius Lardner, editor, The Chronology of History. […] (The Cabinet Cyclopædia; XLIV), London: […] Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green, & Longman, […]; and John Taylor, […], OCLC 1144881589, page xvii:
- The Glossary of Terms used by ecclesiastics in the middle ages, who describe a day by the “introit,” or commencement of the service appointed by the church to be performed thereon, and an explanation of the Canonical Hours, Watches, &c. will frequently be found useful.]
- 1833, [Nicholas] Harris Nicolas, “A Glossary of Dates; […]”, in Dionysius Lardner, editor, The Chronology of History. […] (The Cabinet Cyclopædia; XLIV), London: […] Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green, & Longman, […]; and John Taylor, […], OCLC 1144881589, page 110, column 1:
- Adorate Dominum. The introit* and name of the third Sunday after the Epiphany. [Footnote *: Introit.—The first two or more words that form the commencement of a mass, which, from being appropriated to a certain Sunday, or other festival, give the name of such commencement or "introit" to these days.]
- introitive (obsolete, rare)
- introit on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- introit in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
- introit in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.