jukujikun (plural jukujikun)
- (linguistics) A Japanese word whose kanji spelling conveys the meaning based on the individual characters, but the reading is not directly related to the spelling. For example, 大 (“big”, usually read ō in kun'yomi compounds) and 人 (“person”, usually read hito in kun'yomi compounds) combine to form 大人, meaning “adult” but read as otona instead of the otherwise-expected ōbito.
- "smoke" (煙 kemuri) + "grass" (草 kusa) = tobacco (煙草 tabako)
- "great" (大 ō) + "peace" (和 wa) = unified Japan (大和 Yamato)
- "seven" (七 nana) + "evening" (夕 yū) = a star festival held July 7th (七夕 Tanabata)
- "ageless wizard" (仙人 sennin) + "hand" (掌 tenohira) = cactus (仙人掌 saboten)
- "place" (所 tokoro) + "because of" (以 motsu) = grounds, justification (所以 yuen)
- "horse" (馬 uma) + "drunken" (酔 yoi) + "tree" (木 ki) = Japanese andromeda, a shrub poisonous to horses (馬酔木 ashibi)
- "hunted animal" (猟 kari) + "tiger" (虎 tora) = "sea otter" (猟虎 rakko)
- "ocean" (海 umi) + "otter" (獺 kawauso) = "sea otter" (海獺 rakko)
- Taylor, I., & Taylor, M. M. (1995) Writing and literacy in Chinese, Korean, and Japanese. Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins Publishing Company, p. 302.
- Rōmaji transcription of