lügen

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See also: lugen and Lügen

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German liegen, from Old High German liogan, from Proto-Germanic *leuganą, from Proto-Indo-European *lewgʰ-. The expected form is early modern German liegen; that with -ü- has been standardized to avoid homophony with unrelated liegen (to lie, be in a horizontal position). The vowel is due, on one hand, to irregular rounding after l-, which is common in some dialects, and on the other hand to the inherited 2nd and 3rd person-singular present forms (in non-diphthongizing dialects such as Alemannic German). The form was also reinforced by the nouns Lug and Lüge. Compare Low German legen, lögen, Dutch liegen, English lie, Danish lyve, Swedish ljuga.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈlyːɡən/, [ˈlyːɡən], [ˈlyːɡŋ̩]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

lügen (class 2 strong, third-person singular simple present lügt, past tense log, past participle gelogen, past subjunctive löge, auxiliary haben)

  1. (intransitive) to tell a lie; to lie (to intentionally give false information)
  2. (intransitive, less often) to give false information (unintentionally)
    Wie alt sind Sie?Ehm... lassen Sie mich nicht lügen... Zweiunddreißig.
    How old are you? — Er... don’t let me tell you something wrong... Thirty-two.

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