lügen

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See also: Lügen

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German liegen, from Old High German liogan, from Proto-Germanic *leuganą, from Proto-Indo-European *lewgʰ-. The expected form is early modern German liegen, the vocalism -ü- being due to irregular rounding after l-, reinforced by the noun Lug ‎(lie, lying). This form has been standardized in order to avoid confusion with unrelated liegen ‎(to lie, to be in a horizontal position). Compare Low German legen, lögen, Dutch liegen, English lie, Danish lyve, Swedish ljuga.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈlyːɡən/, [ˈlyːɡən], [ˈlyːɡŋ̩]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

lügen ‎(class 2 strong, third-person singular simple present lügt, past tense log, past participle gelogen, past subjunctive löge, auxiliary haben)

  1. (intransitive) to tell a lie; to lie (to intentionally give false information)
  2. (intransitive, less often) to give false information (unintentionally)
    Wie alt sind Sie?Ehm... lassen Sie mich nicht lügen... Zweiunddreißig.
    How old are you? — Er... don’t let me tell you something wrong... Thirty-two.

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