lügen

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See also: lugen and Lügen

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German liegen, from Old High German liogan, from Proto-West Germanic *leugan, from Proto-Germanic *leuganą, from Proto-Indo-European *lewgʰ-. Cognate with Dutch liegen, Low German legen, lögen, English lie, Danish lyve, Swedish ljuga.

The expected form is Early Modern German liegen; that with -ü- has been standardized to avoid homophony with unrelated liegen (to lie, be in a horizontal position). The vowel was transferred from the noun Lüge, where it is original, facilitated by a phonetic merger of these vowels in some dialects. A reinforcing influence may have been the inherited 2nd and 3rd person-singular forms (from Middle High German liuges, liuget), which had /yː/ in non-diphthongising dialects (such as Alemannic German).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈlyːɡən/, [ˈlyː.ɡən], [-ɡŋ̍]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

lügen (class 2 strong, third-person singular present lügt, past tense log, past participle gelogen, past subjunctive löge, auxiliary haben)

  1. (intransitive) to tell a lie; to lie (to intentionally give false information)
  2. (intransitive, less often) to give false information (unintentionally)
    Wie alt sind Sie? — Ehm... lassen Sie mich nicht lügen... Zweiunddreißig.
    How old are you? — Er... don’t let me tell you something wrong... Thirty-two.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • lügen” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • lügen” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon
  • lügen” in Duden online
  • lügen” in OpenThesaurus.de
  • Wikipedia-logo.svg lügen on the German Wikipedia.Wikipedia de