laikas

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Lithuanian[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Latvian laĩks. The Latvian metatony (laĩks < *làiks) suggests an original oxytone neuter. On the basis of Ancient Greek λοιπόν (loipón, remainder) we can theoretically posit a Proto-Indo-European *loikʷóm (remainder).[1] In any case, related to laikýti (hold, keep) and lìkti (remain); see these entries for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

laĩkas m (plural laikaĩ) stress pattern 4

  1. (uncountable) time (physical phenomenon)
  2. (uncountable) time, term, period (a duration of time)
    Šiañdien smagiaĩ léidom kartù laĩką! - We spent great time together today!
    Kodė̃l neturiù laĩko? Kur̃ diñgsta màno laĩkas? - Why don't I have any time? Where does all my time go?
    Vãsara - màno megstamiausias mẽtų laĩkas. - Summer is my favourite season (= time of the year).
  3. (countable, often in plural) times, era, period
    Nuõ senų̃jų laikų̃ ikì mū́sų laikų̃ - From ancient times to the present day.
  4. (uncountable, with infinitive) time (the appropriate time for an action)
    Vaikáms jaũ seniaĩ laĩkas gul̃ti. - It's high time the kids went to bed.
  5. (linguistics) tense
    Lietùvių kalbojè yrà keturì laĩkai. - Lithuanian has four tenses.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rick Derksen (1996) Metatony In Baltic [Leiden Studies in Indo-European 6]. Amsterdam : Rodopi, page 212