vasara

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See also: Vasara, vására, vasarā, and vasarą

Estonian[edit]

Noun[edit]

vasara

  1. genitive singular of vasar

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *vasara, which is from earlier *waśara (compare Erzya узере (uźeŕe)), borrowed from Proto-Indo-Iranian *wáȷ́ras.[1] Compare Sanskrit वज्र (vájra).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈʋɑsɑrɑ/, [ˈʋɑ̝s̠ɑ̝rɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -ɑsɑrɑ
  • Syllabification(key): va‧sa‧ra

Noun[edit]

vasara

  1. (tools) hammer (tool)
  2. hammer (piano part)
  3. mallet (certain parts or things; usually mallet is nuija)
    kumivasararubber mallet
  4. (anatomy) malleus, hammer (one of the bones in the ear)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of vasara (Kotus type 12/kulkija, no gradation)
nominative vasara vasarat
genitive vasaran vasaroiden
vasaroitten
partitive vasaraa vasaroita
illative vasaraan vasaroihin
singular plural
nominative vasara vasarat
accusative nom. vasara vasarat
gen. vasaran
genitive vasaran vasaroiden
vasaroitten
vasarainrare
partitive vasaraa vasaroita
inessive vasarassa vasaroissa
elative vasarasta vasaroista
illative vasaraan vasaroihin
adessive vasaralla vasaroilla
ablative vasaralta vasaroilta
allative vasaralle vasaroille
essive vasarana vasaroina
translative vasaraksi vasaroiksi
abessive vasaratta vasaroitta
instructive vasaroin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of vasara (Kotus type 12/kulkija, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative vasarani vasarani
accusative nom. vasarani vasarani
gen. vasarani
genitive vasarani vasaroideni
vasaroitteni
vasarainirare
partitive vasaraani vasaroitani
inessive vasarassani vasaroissani
elative vasarastani vasaroistani
illative vasaraani vasaroihini
adessive vasarallani vasaroillani
ablative vasaraltani vasaroiltani
allative vasaralleni vasaroilleni
essive vasaranani vasaroinani
translative vasarakseni vasaroikseni
abessive vasarattani vasaroittani
instructive
comitative vasaroineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative vasarasi vasarasi
accusative nom. vasarasi vasarasi
gen. vasarasi
genitive vasarasi vasaroidesi
vasaroittesi
vasaraisirare
partitive vasaraasi vasaroitasi
inessive vasarassasi vasaroissasi
elative vasarastasi vasaroistasi
illative vasaraasi vasaroihisi
adessive vasarallasi vasaroillasi
ablative vasaraltasi vasaroiltasi
allative vasarallesi vasaroillesi
essive vasaranasi vasaroinasi
translative vasaraksesi vasaroiksesi
abessive vasarattasi vasaroittasi
instructive
comitative vasaroinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative vasaramme vasaramme
accusative nom. vasaramme vasaramme
gen. vasaramme
genitive vasaramme vasaroidemme
vasaroittemme
vasaraimmerare
partitive vasaraamme vasaroitamme
inessive vasarassamme vasaroissamme
elative vasarastamme vasaroistamme
illative vasaraamme vasaroihimme
adessive vasarallamme vasaroillamme
ablative vasaraltamme vasaroiltamme
allative vasarallemme vasaroillemme
essive vasaranamme vasaroinamme
translative vasaraksemme vasaroiksemme
abessive vasarattamme vasaroittamme
instructive
comitative vasaroinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative vasaranne vasaranne
accusative nom. vasaranne vasaranne
gen. vasaranne
genitive vasaranne vasaroidenne
vasaroittenne
vasarainnerare
partitive vasaraanne vasaroitanne
inessive vasarassanne vasaroissanne
elative vasarastanne vasaroistanne
illative vasaraanne vasaroihinne
adessive vasarallanne vasaroillanne
ablative vasaraltanne vasaroiltanne
allative vasarallenne vasaroillenne
essive vasarananne vasaroinanne
translative vasaraksenne vasaroiksenne
abessive vasarattanne vasaroittanne
instructive
comitative vasaroinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative vasaransa vasaransa
accusative nom. vasaransa vasaransa
gen. vasaransa
genitive vasaransa vasaroidensa
vasaroittensa
vasarainsarare
partitive vasaraansa vasaroitaan
vasaroitansa
inessive vasarassaan
vasarassansa
vasaroissaan
vasaroissansa
elative vasarastaan
vasarastansa
vasaroistaan
vasaroistansa
illative vasaraansa vasaroihinsa
adessive vasarallaan
vasarallansa
vasaroillaan
vasaroillansa
ablative vasaraltaan
vasaraltansa
vasaroiltaan
vasaroiltansa
allative vasaralleen
vasarallensa
vasaroilleen
vasaroillensa
essive vasaranaan
vasaranansa
vasaroinaan
vasaroinansa
translative vasarakseen
vasaraksensa
vasaroikseen
vasaroiksensa
abessive vasarattaan
vasarattansa
vasaroittaan
vasaroittansa
instructive
comitative vasaroineen
vasaroinensa

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Junttila, Santeri; Kallio, Petri; Holopainen, Sampsa; Kuokkala, Juha; Pystynen, Juho, editors (2020–), “vasara”, in Suomen vanhimman sanaston etymologinen verkkosanakirja[1] (in Finnish), retrieved 2024-01-01

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Ingrian[edit]

Vasara.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *vasara. Cognates include Finnish vasara and Estonian vasar.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vasara

  1. hammer
    • 1936, D. I. Efimov, Lukukirja: Inkeroisia alkușkouluja vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 11:
      Jurmast jooksoot pakkaiset, niku vasaranka kolkuttelloot.
      Briskly the frosts set in, like with a hammer they knock.

Declension[edit]

Declension of vasara (type 3/kana, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative vasara vasarat
genitive vasaran vasaroin
partitive vasaraa vasaroja
illative vasaraa vasaroihe
inessive vasaraas vasarois
elative vasarast vasaroist
allative vasaralle vasaroille
adessive vasaraal vasaroil
ablative vasaralt vasaroilt
translative vasaraks vasaroiks
essive vasaranna, vasaraan vasaroinna, vasaroin
exessive1) vasarant vasaroint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

References[edit]

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[3], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 15
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 644

Latvian[edit]

 vasara on Latvian Wikipedia
Vasara

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *was(e)r, from Proto-Indo-European *wósr̥.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [vasaɾa] IPA(key): [vɑsɑɾɑ]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

vasara f (4th declension)

  1. summer (season of the year, from June 21-22 to September 22-23 in the Northern Hemisphere, characterized by the highest temperatures of the year)
    karsta, sausa vasarahot, dry summer
    slapja, lietaina vasarawet, rainy summer
    saulaina vasarasunny summer
    iestājās vasarasummer has started
    pēdējais vasaras mēnesislast summer month
    karsta vasaras dienahot summer day
    pavadīt vasaras laukosto spend the summer in the countryside
    vasaras saulgriežisummer solstice
    meteoroloģiskā vasara sākas, kad diennakts vidējā gaisa temperatūra sasniedz 15° Cthe meteorological summer begins when the daily average air temperature reaches 15° C
    kas ir vasara? saule, lietus, zaļa zeme un zili ūdeņi, garas, karstas dienas un īsas naktiswhat is summer? sun, rain, green earth and blue waters, long, hot days and short nights
  2. (in the genitive, used adjectivally) summer; typical of summer; which happens, is used in summer
    vasaras atpūtasummer rest
    vasaras laikssummer time (= daylight saving time)
    vasaras mītnesummer residence
    vasaras mētelis, kleitasummer coat, dress
    vasaras miežisummer barley (i.e., sown in spring and mature already in summer, in the same year)
    vasaras ābolisummer apples (i.e., those that mature early, before the beginning of autumn)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

(seasons) četri gadalaiki; pavasaris, vasara, rudens, ziema (Category: lv:Seasons)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “vasara”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN

Lithuanian[edit]

Lithuanian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lt
Vasara

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *was(e)r, from Proto-Indo-European *wósr̥.[1][2][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vãsara f (plural vãsaros) stress pattern 1

  1. summer

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Seasons in Lithuanian · metų laikai (layout · text) · category
pavasaris (spring) vasara (summer) ruduo (autumn) žiema (winter)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “vasara”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 492
  2. ^ vãsara” in Hock et al., Altlitauisches etymologisches Wörterbuch 2.0 (online, 2020–); p. 1384 in ALEW 1.1 (online, 2019).
  3. ^ vasara”, in Lietuvių kalbos etimologinio žodyno duomenų bazė [Lithuanian etymological dictionary database], 2007–2012

Further reading[edit]

  • vasara”, in Lietuvių kalbos žodynas [Dictionary of the Lithuanian language], lkz.lt, 1941–2024
  • vasara”, in Dabartinės lietuvių kalbos žodynas [Dictionary of contemporary Lithuanian], ekalba.lt, 1954–2024