vasara

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See also: vasarą and vasarā

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Indo-Iranian; cognate to Sanskrit वज्र (vájra).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈʋɑsɑrɑ]
  • Hyphenation: va‧sa‧ra

Noun[edit]

vasara

  1. hammer (tool)
  2. hammer (piano part)
  3. (anatomy) A malleus or hammer (one of the bones in the ear).

Declension[edit]

Inflection of vasara (Kotus type 12/kulkija, no gradation)
nominative vasara vasarat
genitive vasaran vasaroiden
vasaroitten
partitive vasaraa vasaroita
illative vasaraan vasaroihin
singular plural
nominative vasara vasarat
accusative nom.? vasara vasarat
gen. vasaran
genitive vasaran vasaroiden
vasaroitten
vasarainrare
partitive vasaraa vasaroita
inessive vasarassa vasaroissa
elative vasarasta vasaroista
illative vasaraan vasaroihin
adessive vasaralla vasaroilla
ablative vasaralta vasaroilta
allative vasaralleˣ vasaroilleˣ
essive vasarana vasaroina
translative vasaraksi vasaroiksi
instructive vasaroin
abessive vasaratta vasaroitta
comitative vasaroineen

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

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Anagrams[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 Vasara on Latvian Wikipedia

Wikipedia lv

Vasara

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *wes-ar-ā, from *wes-er-ā, from Proto-Indo-European *wésr̥ (summer), genitive *wesnes, from the stem *wes- (to shine). The original meaning was “bright (season)” (i.e., after the dark days of winter), covering also spring, which in ancient times was considered to be one season together with summer. Cognates include Lithuanian vãsara, Old Church Slavonic вєсна (vesna), Russian, Ukrainian весна (vesná), Belarusian вясна (vjasná), Czech vesna, Polish wiosna, Old Norse vār, Sanskrit वसन्तः (vasantáḥ, spring) (< *wes-en-to), Ancient Greek ἔαρ (éar) (< *wēsr̥-), Latin vēr (< *wēsr̥-).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

vasara f (4th declension)

  1. summer (season of the year, from June 21-22 to September 22-23 in the Northern Hemisphere, characterized by the highest temperatures of the year)
    karsta, sausa vasara — hot, dry summer
    slapja, lietaina vasara — wet, rainy summer
    saulaina vasara — sunny summer
    iestājās vasarasummer has started
    pēdējais vasaras mēnesis — last summer month
    karsta vasaras diena — hot summer day
    pavadīt vasaras laukos — to spend the summer in the countryside
    vasaras saulgriežisummer solstice
    meteoroloģiskā vasara sākas, kad diennakts vidējā gaisa temperatūra sasniedz 15° C — the meteorological summer begins when the daily average air temperature reaches 15° C
    kas ir vasara? saule, lietus, zaļa zeme un zili ūdeņi, garas, karstas dienas un īsas naktis — what is summer? sun, rain, green earth and blue waters, long, hot days and short nights
  2. (in the genitive, used adjectivally) summer; typical of summer; which happens, is used in summer
    vasaras atpūtasummer rest
    vasaras laikssummer time (= daylight saving time)
    vasaras mītnesummer residence
    vasaras mētelis, kleitasummer coat, dress
    vasaras miežisummer barley (i.e., sown in spring and mature already in summer, in the same year)
    vasaras ābolisummer apples (i.e., those that mature early, before the beginning of autumn)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “vasara” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7

Lithuanian[edit]

Lithuanian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia lt

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *wésr̥. Cognate with Latin ver (see there for more).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vãsara f (plural vasaros) stress pattern 1

  1. summer

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]