latex

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See also: LaTeX, Latex, and látex

English[edit]

Latex being extracted from a tree

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from New Latin latex(clear fluid which is part of a humour or bodily fluid), a later use of Latin latex(water; liquid, fluid). Potentially a borrowing from Ancient Greek λᾰ́τᾰξ(látax, drop of wine), reformed by analogy to other nouns in -ex. The semantic shift, however, from drop of wine to water is difficult to explain and may indicate that both words originated from a separate language. Perhaps from the same root as Proto-Celtic *lati- (Old Irish laith(liquid, beer), Welsh llad(beer)) or Proto-Germanic *ladjō- (Old High German letto(clay, loam), Old Norse leðja(mud, dregs)) or from a Pre-Greek language.[1][2][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

latex (plural latices or latexes)

  1. (medicine, archaic, rare) A clear liquid believed to be a component of a humour or other bodily fluid (esp. plasma and lymph)
  2. The milky sap of several trees that coagulates on exposure to air; used to make rubber.
  3. An emulsion of rubber in water, used in adhesives and the like.
  4. (uncountable) Natural latex rubber, especially non-vulcanized rubber, such as is used in making latex gloves, latex condoms, and latex clothing.

Translations[edit]

External links[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “latex”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 329
  2. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “λάταξ”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 837
  3. ^ Philippa, M.; Debrabandere, F.; Quak, A.; Schoonheim, T.; Van der Sijs, N. (2003–2009), “latex”, in Etymologisch woordenboek van het Nederlands (in Dutch), Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from New Latin latex(clear fluid which is part of a humour or bodily fluid), a later use of Latin latex(water; liquid, fluid).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

latex m (uncountable)

  1. latex (milky sap of trees)
  2. latex (emulsion of rubber in water)

References[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Potentially a borrowing from Ancient Greek λᾰ́τᾰξ(látax, drop of wine), reformed by analogy to other nouns in -ex. The semantic shift, however, from drop of wine to water is difficult to explain and may indicate that both words originated from a separate language. Perhaps from the same root as Proto-Celtic *lati- (Old Irish laith(liquid, beer), Welsh llad(beer)) or Proto-Germanic *ladjō- (Old High German letto(clay, loam), Old Norse leðja(mud, dregs)) or from a Pre-Greek language.[1][2][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

latex m (genitive laticis); third declension

  1. (Classical Latin, chiefly poetic) water
  2. (Classical Latin, chiefly poetic) liquid, fluid
  3. (Classical Latin, chiefly poetic, in the plural) springs
  4. (Classical Latin, chiefly poetic) juice, oil, milk
  5. (New Latin, medicine) A clear liquid believed to be a component of a humour or other bodily fluid (esp. plasma and lymph)
  6. (New Latin, botany) Milky liquid which exudes from a plant when cut and which coagulates on exposure to air.

Declension[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative latex laticēs
genitive laticis laticum
dative laticī laticibus
accusative laticem laticēs
ablative latice laticibus
vocative latex laticēs

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “latex”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 329
  2. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “λάταξ”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 837
  3. ^ Philippa, M.; Debrabandere, F.; Quak, A.; Schoonheim, T.; Van der Sijs, N. (2003–2009), “latex”, in Etymologisch woordenboek van het Nederlands (in Dutch), Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press