leprechaun

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Irish leipreachán, luprachán, from Middle Irish luchrupán, from Old Irish luchorpán. See also Irish lucharachán.

The word's further etymology is disputed; it is traditionally explained as a compound containing (small, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁lengʷʰ-) + corp (body, which is from Latin corpus).[1] However, an alternative suggestion is that it is a derivative of Latin Lupercī (priests of Lupercus), who were misinterpreted as an antediluvian species by medieval Irish scholars.[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

leprechaun (plural leprechauns)

  1. (Irish folklore) One of a race of elves that can reveal hidden treasure to those who catch them.
    • 1888, William Allingham, “The Lepracaun; or Fairy Shoemaker”, in William Butler Yeats, editor, Irish Fairy and Folk Tales, page 86–87:
      Do you not catch the tiny clamour, / Busy click of an elfin hammer, / Voice of the leprechaun singing shrill, / As he merrily plies his trade?

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ leprechaun, n.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 1902.
  2. ^ Jacopo Bisagni (2012), “Leprechaun: A New Etymology”, in Cambrian Medieval Celtic Studies, volume 64, pages 46-84

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English leprechaun, from Irish leipreachán, luprachán, from Middle Irish luchrupán, from Old Irish luchorpán, of disputed etymology.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

leprechaun m (invariable)

  1. (Irish folklore) leprechaun
    Synonyms: gnomo irlandese, folletto irlandese

Derived terms[edit]