From Latin liminalis, from līmen (“doorstep, threshold; doorway, entrance; beginning, commencement”) + -ālis (“suffix forming adjectives of relationship from nouns”). Līmen is possibly derived from līmus (“askew; sideways”) (possibly ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *Heh₃l- (“to bend, bow; elbow”)) + -men (“suffix forming neuter nouns of the third declension”) (from Proto-Indo-European *-mn̥ (“suffix forming action nouns or result nouns from verbs”)).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈlɪmɪn(ə)l/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈlimənl̩/
- Hyphenation: li‧min‧al
- Of or pertaining to an entrance or threshold. [from late 19th c.]
1999, Sarah Iles Johnston, “Divinities and the Dead”, in Restless Dead: Encounters between the Living and the Dead in Ancient Greece, Berkeley; Los Angeles, Calif.: University of California Press, ↑ISBN, page 209:
- [S]paces such as the threshold of a door are "liminal," lying between otherwise defined areas without belonging to either of them. All over the world, […] liminal situations are associated with demons.
- Of or pertaining to a beginning or first stage of a process. [from late 19th c.]
1884, James Sully, “Sensation”, in Outlines of Psychology: With Special Reference to the Theory of Education. A Text-book for Colleges, New York, N.Y.: D. Appleton and Company, 1, 3, and 5 Bond Street, OCLC 41317157, page 114:
- Every stimulus must reach a certain intensity before any appreciable sensation results. This point is known as the threshold or liminal intensity.
- liminal (disambiguation) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- liminal in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911