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From Proto-Italic *mikskō (to mix), from Proto-Indo-European *miḱ-sḱé-, inchoative present of *meyǵ-, *meyḱ- (to mix). The second conjugation of this verb is unexplained. Cognate with Old High German miskian, miskan (to mix) (German mischen), Welsh mysgu (to mix), Ancient Greek μίγνυμι (mígnumi, to mix), Old Church Slavonic мѣсити (měsiti, to mix), Lithuanian mišti and maišyti (to mix), Sanskrit मिश्र (miśra, mixed), Persian آمیز(āmīz, mix) and آمیخت(āmīxt, mixed); Old English māsc (mixture, mash). More at mash.[1]



misceō (present infinitive miscēre, perfect active miscuī, supine mixtum or mistum); second conjugation

  1. I mix
  2. (poetic) I confuse


   Conjugation of misceo (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present misceō miscēs miscet miscēmus miscētis miscent
imperfect miscēbam miscēbās miscēbat miscēbāmus miscēbātis miscēbant
future miscēbō miscēbis miscēbit miscēbimus miscēbitis miscēbunt
perfect miscuī miscuistī miscuit miscuimus miscuistis miscuērunt, miscuēre
pluperfect miscueram miscuerās miscuerat miscuerāmus miscuerātis miscuerant
future perfect miscuerō miscueris miscuerit miscuerimus miscueritis miscuerint
passive present misceor miscēris, miscēre miscētur miscēmur miscēminī miscentur
imperfect miscēbar miscēbāris, miscēbāre miscēbātur miscēbāmur miscēbāminī miscēbantur
future miscēbor miscēberis, miscēbere miscēbitur miscēbimur miscēbiminī miscēbuntur
perfect mixtus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect mixtus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect mixtus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present misceam misceās misceat misceāmus misceātis misceant
imperfect miscērem miscērēs miscēret miscērēmus miscērētis miscērent
perfect miscuerim miscuerīs miscuerit miscuerimus miscueritis miscuerint
pluperfect miscuissem miscuissēs miscuisset miscuissēmus miscuissētis miscuissent
passive present miscear misceāris, misceāre misceātur misceāmur misceāminī misceantur
imperfect miscērer miscērēris, miscērēre miscērētur miscērēmur miscērēminī miscērentur
perfect mixtus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect mixtus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present miscē miscēte
future miscētō miscētō miscētōte miscentō
passive present miscēre miscēminī
future miscētor miscētor miscentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives miscēre miscuisse mixtūrus esse miscērī, miscērier1 mixtus esse mixtum īrī
participles miscēns mixtūrus mixtus miscendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
miscēre miscendī miscendō miscendum mixtum mixtū

1The present passive infinitive in -ier is a rare poetic form which is attested for this verb.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “misceō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 382-383