opprobrium

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin opprobrium (reproach, disgrace), first attested 1656, from opprobrō (reproach, taunt), from ob (against) + probrum (disgrace, dishonor).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

opprobrium (countable and uncountable, plural opprobriums or opprobria)

  1. Disgrace arising from exceedingly shameful conduct; ignominy.
    Synonym: obloquy
  2. Scornful reproach or contempt.
    Synonyms: blame, castigation, censure, defamation, derision, invective, libel; see also Thesaurus:contempt
  3. A cause of shame or disgrace.
    Synonym: curse
    • 1872, George Eliot [pseudonym; Mary Ann Evans], chapter LXI, in Middlemarch: A Study of Provincial Life, volume (please specify |volume=I, II, III, or IV), Edinburgh; London: William Blackwood and Sons, OCLC 948783829, book (please specify |book=I to VIII):
      It was not that he was in danger of legal punishment or of beggary: he was in danger only of seeing disclosed to the judgment of his neighbors and the mournful perception of his wife certain facts of his past life which would render him an object of scorn and an opprobrium of the religion with which he had diligently associated himself.

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Translations[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From opprobrō +‎ -ium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

opprobrium n (genitive opprobriī or opprobrī); second declension

  1. reproach, taunt
  2. scandal, disgrace, dishonour, shame

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative opprobrium opprobria
Genitive opprobriī
opprobrī1
opprobriōrum
Dative opprobriō opprobriīs
Accusative opprobrium opprobria
Ablative opprobriō opprobriīs
Vocative opprobrium opprobria

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

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Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • opprobrium in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • opprobrium in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • opprobrium in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette