pakko

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Finnish[edit]

(index pa)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *pakko. Cognate to Estonian pakk (full), Ingrian pakkootoz, Karelian pakko, Ludian pakottada, Veps pakutada and Votic pakko.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pakko

  1. obligation, force, necessity, compulsion
  2. (olla ~ + first infinitive) Expresses obligation; can be translated into English as must, have to, be obliged to, be forced to, be compelled to; the one who is compelled is put in the genitive case and the verb is always in the third-person singular.
    Minun on pakko ostaa auto.
    I have to buy a car.
    Onko sinun pakko?
    Do you have to?
  3. (in compounds) Expresses compulsion, use of force or influence of an external force.
    pakkohuutokauppacompulsory sale
    pakkokeinocoercion
    pakkolaskuforced landing
    pakkolunastusexpropriation
    pakkoluovutusexpropriation
    pakkomielleobsession
    pakkopaitastraitjacket
    pakkotoimenpideact of force
    pakkotyöforced labour

Declension[edit]

Inflection of pakko (Kotus type 1/valo, kk-k gradation)
nominative pakko pakot
genitive pakon pakkojen
partitive pakkoa pakkoja
illative pakkoon pakkoihin
singular plural
nominative pakko pakot
accusative nom. pakko pakot
gen. pakon
genitive pakon pakkojen
partitive pakkoa pakkoja
inessive pakossa pakoissa
elative pakosta pakoista
illative pakkoon pakkoihin
adessive pakolla pakoilla
ablative pakolta pakoilta
allative pakolle pakoille
essive pakkona pakkoina
translative pakoksi pakoiksi
instructive pakoin
abessive pakotta pakoitta
comitative pakkoineen

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]