perua

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Finnish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈperuɑ/, [ˈpe̞ruɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -eruɑ
  • Syllabification(key): pe‧ru‧a

Noun[edit]

perua

  1. partitive singular of peru

Etymology 2[edit]

perä +‎ -ua

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈperuɑˣ/, [ˈpe̞ruɑ̝(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -eruɑ
  • Syllabification(key): pe‧ru‧a

Verb[edit]

perua

  1. (transitive) to withdraw, renege on, retract, (colloquially) take back, go back on, bum out on.
    Peruin sanani.
    I took back what I said. / I took my words back.
  2. (transitive) to cancel, call off
    Perun tapahtuman huomenna.
    I will cancel the event tomorrow.
    Meidän piti mennä huomenna ostoksille, mutta äiti joutui perumaan.
    We were supposed to go shopping tomorrow but mum had to call it off.
    Minä haluan perua tämän tilauksen.
    I want to cancel this subscription/order/booking.
Conjugation[edit]
Inflection of perua (Kotus type 52/sanoa, no gradation)
indicative mood
present tense perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. perun en peru 1st sing. olen perunut en ole perunut
2nd sing. perut et peru 2nd sing. olet perunut et ole perunut
3rd sing. peruu ei peru 3rd sing. on perunut ei ole perunut
1st plur. perumme emme peru 1st plur. olemme peruneet emme ole peruneet
2nd plur. perutte ette peru 2nd plur. olette peruneet ette ole peruneet
3rd plur. peruvat eivät peru 3rd plur. ovat peruneet eivät ole peruneet
passive perutaan ei peruta passive on peruttu ei ole peruttu
past tense pluperfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. peruin en perunut 1st sing. olin perunut en ollut perunut
2nd sing. peruit et perunut 2nd sing. olit perunut et ollut perunut
3rd sing. perui ei perunut 3rd sing. oli perunut ei ollut perunut
1st plur. peruimme emme peruneet 1st plur. olimme peruneet emme olleet peruneet
2nd plur. peruitte ette peruneet 2nd plur. olitte peruneet ette olleet peruneet
3rd plur. peruivat eivät peruneet 3rd plur. olivat peruneet eivät olleet peruneet
passive peruttiin ei peruttu passive oli peruttu ei ollut peruttu
conditional mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. peruisin en peruisi 1st sing. olisin perunut en olisi perunut
2nd sing. peruisit et peruisi 2nd sing. olisit perunut et olisi perunut
3rd sing. peruisi ei peruisi 3rd sing. olisi perunut ei olisi perunut
1st plur. peruisimme emme peruisi 1st plur. olisimme peruneet emme olisi peruneet
2nd plur. peruisitte ette peruisi 2nd plur. olisitte peruneet ette olisi peruneet
3rd plur. peruisivat eivät peruisi 3rd plur. olisivat peruneet eivät olisi peruneet
passive peruttaisiin ei peruttaisi passive olisi peruttu ei olisi peruttu
imperative mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. 1st sing.
2nd sing. peru älä peru 2nd sing.
3rd sing. perukoon älköön peruko 3rd sing. olkoon perunut älköön olko perunut
1st plur. perukaamme älkäämme peruko 1st plur.
2nd plur. perukaa älkää peruko 2nd plur.
3rd plur. perukoot älkööt peruko 3rd plur. olkoot peruneet älkööt olko peruneet
passive peruttakoon älköön peruttako passive olkoon peruttu älköön olko peruttu
potential mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. perunen en perune 1st sing. lienen perunut en liene perunut
2nd sing. perunet et perune 2nd sing. lienet perunut et liene perunut
3rd sing. perunee ei perune 3rd sing. lienee perunut ei liene perunut
1st plur. perunemme emme perune 1st plur. lienemme peruneet emme liene peruneet
2nd plur. perunette ette perune 2nd plur. lienette peruneet ette liene peruneet
3rd plur. perunevat eivät perune 3rd plur. lienevät peruneet eivät liene peruneet
passive peruttaneen ei peruttane passive lienee peruttu ei liene peruttu
Nominal forms
infinitives participles
active passive active passive
1st perua present peruva peruttava
long 1st1
Possessive forms
Person sing. plur.
1st peruakseni peruaksemme
2nd peruaksesi peruaksenne
3rd peruakseen
peruaksensa
past perunut peruttu
2nd inessive2 peruessa peruttaessa agent3 peruma
Possessive forms
Person sing. plur.
1st peruessani peruessamme
2nd peruessasi peruessanne
3rd peruessaan
peruessansa
negative perumaton
instructive peruen 1) Used only with a possessive suffix.

2) Usually with a possessive suffix (active only).
3) Usually with a possessive suffix. Not used with intransitive verbs. Distinct from nouns with the -ma suffix and third infinitive forms.
4) Some uses of the verbal noun are called the 'fourth infinitive' by certain sources (more details).

3rd inessive perumassa
elative perumasta
illative perumaan
adessive perumalla
abessive perumatta
instructive peruman peruttaman
4th4 verbal noun peruminen
5th1
Possessive forms
Person sing. plur.
1st perumaisillani perumaisillamme
2nd perumaisillasi perumaisillanne
3rd perumaisillaan
perumaisillansa

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /peˈɾu.ɐ/, /piˈɾu.ɐ/
    • (Southern Brazil) IPA(key): /peˈɾu.a/, /piˈɾu.a/

  • Hyphenation: pe‧ru‧a

Noun[edit]

perua f (plural peruas)

  1. female equivalent of peru, a turkey-hen
  2. (informal) a very skinny riding equid
  3. (informal) drunkenness
  4. (Brazil, informal, figuratively, sometimes offensive) a middle-aged woman who uses extravagant clothes and accessories
  5. (Brazil, informal, sometimes offensive) a prostitute
  6. (Brazil) van (an automobile smaller than a bus or truck and larger than a common car)

Further reading[edit]