risti

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See also: rišti

Estonian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived from rist.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

risti

  1. crosswise
  2. perpendicular, at a right angle

Etymology 2[edit]

Derived from the genitive of rist.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

risti (genitive risti, partitive ristit)

  1. (card games) clubs

Declension[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈristi/, [ˈris̠t̪i]
  • Rhymes: -isti
  • Syllabification: ris‧ti

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Old East Slavic крьстъ (krĭstŭ, cross), from Proto-Slavic *krьstъ, from Old High German Krist, from Ancient Greek Χριστός (Khristós, Christ, literally anointed). Related to Estonian rist and Livonian rišt. The sense "clubs (card suit)" is a semantic loan from German Kreuz (much like with Czech kříž, Russian кре́сти (krésti)).

Noun[edit]

risti

  1. cross
  2. (card games) clubs, club
  3. (music, informal) sharp (symbol ♯ in notation)
  4. Short for ristiselkä (small of the back) (used especially of animals)
  5. (typography) dagger ()
Declension[edit]
Inflection of risti (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative risti ristit
genitive ristin ristien
partitive ristiä ristejä
illative ristiin risteihin
singular plural
nominative risti ristit
accusative nom. risti ristit
gen. ristin
genitive ristin ristien
partitive ristiä ristejä
inessive ristissä risteissä
elative rististä risteistä
illative ristiin risteihin
adessive ristillä risteillä
ablative ristiltä risteiltä
allative ristille risteille
essive ristinä risteinä
translative ristiksi risteiksi
instructive ristein
abessive ristittä risteittä
comitative risteineen
Possessive forms of risti (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person ristini ristimme
2nd person ristisi ristinne
3rd person ristinsä
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

risti

  1. Third-person singular indicative past form of ristiä.
  2. Indicative present connegative form of ristiä.
  3. Second-person singular imperative present form of ristiä.
  4. Second-person singular imperative present connegative form of ristiä.

References[edit]

  • Kallio, Petri (2006). On the Earliest Slavic Loanwords in Finnic. In Slavica Helsingiensia 27. Helsinki. →ISBN.

Anagrams[edit]


Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic крьстъ (krĭstŭ), from Proto-Slavic *krьstъ. Cognates include Finnish risti and Estonian rist.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

risti (genitive rissin, partitive ristiä)

  1. cross

Declension[edit]

Declension of risti (type 5/vahti, st-ss gradation)
singular plural
nominative risti rissit
genitive rissin ristilöin
partitive ristiä ristilöjä
illative ristii ristilöihe
inessive rissis ristilöis
elative rissist ristilöist
allative rissille ristilöille
adessive rissil ristilöil
ablative rissilt ristilöilt
translative rissiks ristilöiks
essive ristinnä,
ristiin
ristilöinnä,
ristilöin
exessive1) ristint ristilöint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)

References[edit]

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[1], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 62
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 480

Lithuanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

rìsti (third-person present tense rìta, third-person past tense rìto) [1]

  1. (transitive) to roll
    akmenį risti[1] - to roll a stone
  2. (transitive) to overthrow

Conjugation[edit]


Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 “risti” in Balčikonis, Juozas et al. (1954), Dabartinės lietuvių kalbos žodynas. Vilnius: Valstybinė politinės ir mokslinės literatūros leidykla.