risti

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See also: rišti

Estonian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived from rist.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

risti

  1. crosswise
  2. perpendicular, at a right angle

Etymology 2[edit]

Derived from the genitive of rist.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

risti (genitive risti, partitive ristit)

  1. (card games) clubs
Declension[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈristi/, [ˈris̠t̪i]
  • Rhymes: -isti
  • Syllabification(key): ris‧ti

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Old East Slavic крьстъ (krĭstŭ, cross).

Noun[edit]

risti

  1. cross (shape)
    1. (Christianity) cross, crucifix
      Synonym: krusifiksi
    2. cross (execution device)
      Synonym: ristinpuu
    3. (typography) dagger ()
    4. (card games) clubs, club
  2. (music, informal) sharp (symbol ♯ in notation)
    Synonyms: ylennysmerkki, ylennys (informal), korotusmerkki (rare)
  3. (anatomy) Clipping of ristiselkä (small of the back, of animals).
Usage notes[edit]

Risti typically refers to a horizontal cross (+). For the tilted symbol (x), see rasti and its synonyms.

Declension[edit]
Inflection of risti (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative risti ristit
genitive ristin ristien
partitive ristiä ristejä
illative ristiin risteihin
singular plural
nominative risti ristit
accusative nom. risti ristit
gen. ristin
genitive ristin ristien
partitive ristiä ristejä
inessive ristissä risteissä
elative rististä risteistä
illative ristiin risteihin
adessive ristillä risteillä
ablative ristiltä risteiltä
allative ristille risteille
essive ristinä risteinä
translative ristiksi risteiksi
instructive ristein
abessive ristittä risteittä
comitative risteineen
Possessive forms of risti (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person ristini ristimme
2nd person ristisi ristinne
3rd person ristinsä
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

risti

  1. Third-person singular indicative past form of ristiä.
  2. Indicative present connegative form of ristiä.
  3. Second-person singular imperative present form of ristiä.
  4. Second-person singular imperative present connegative form of ristiä.

References[edit]

  • Kallio, Petri (2006). On the Earliest Slavic Loanwords in Finnic. In Slavica Helsingiensia 27. Helsinki. →ISBN.

Anagrams[edit]


Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic крьстъ (krĭstŭ), from Proto-Slavic *krьstъ. Cognates include Finnish risti and Estonian rist.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

risti

  1. cross
  2. (card games) clubs

Declension[edit]

Declension of risti (type 5/vahti, st-ss gradation)
singular plural
nominative risti rissit
genitive rissin ristiin, ristilöin
partitive ristiä ristijä, ristilöjä
illative ristii ristii, ristilöihe
inessive rissiis ristiis, ristilöis
elative rissist ristiist, ristilöist
allative rissille ristiille, ristilöille
adessive rissiil ristiil, ristilöil
ablative rissilt ristiilt, ristilöilt
translative rissiks ristiiks, ristilöiks
essive ristinnä, ristiin ristiinnä, ristilöinnä, ristiin, ristilöin
exessive1) ristint ristiint, ristilöint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[1], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 62
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 480

Karelian[edit]

Regional variants of risti
North Karelian
(Viena)
risti
South Karelian
(Tver)
risti

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Old East Slavic крьстъ (krĭstŭ). Cognates include Finnish risti and Estonian rist.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈrisʲtʲi/
  • Hyphenation: ris‧ti

Noun[edit]

risti (genitive rissin, partitive ristie)

  1. cross

Declension[edit]

Viena Karelian declension of risti (type 2/risti, st-ss gradation)
singular plural
nominative risti rissit
genitive rissin ristien
partitive ristie ristijä
illative ristih ristilöih
inessive rississä ristilöissä
elative rissistä ristilöistä
adessive rissillä ristilöillä
ablative rissiltä ristilöiltä
translative rissiksi ristilöiksi
essive ristinä ristilöinä
comitative ristilöineh
comitative rissittä ristilöittä
Tver Karelian declension of risti (type 2/risti, st-ss gradation)
singular plural
nominative risti rissit
genitive rissin ristilöin
partitive ristie ristilöidä
illative ristih ristilöih
inessive rississä ristilöissä
elative rissistä ristilöistä
adessive rissillä ristilöillä
ablative rissildä ristilöildä
translative rissiksi ristilöiksi
essive ristinä ristilöinä
comitative rissinke ristilöinke
comitative rissittä ristilöittä
Possessive forms of risti
1st person ristini
2nd person ristis
3rd person ristih
*) Possessive forms are very rare for adjectives and only used in substantivised clauses.

References[edit]

  • A. V. Punzhina (1994), “ris't'i”, in Словарь карельского языка (тверские говоры) [Dictionary of the Karelian language (Tver dialects)], →ISBN
  • P. M. Zaykov et al. (2015), “крест”, in Venäjä-Viena Šanakirja [Russian-Viena Karelian Dictionary], →ISBN

Lithuanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

rìsti (third-person present tense rìta, third-person past tense rìto) [1]

  1. (transitive) to roll
    akmenį risti[1] - to roll a stone
  2. (transitive) to overthrow

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 “risti” in Balčikonis, Juozas et al. (1954), Dabartinės lietuvių kalbos žodynas. Vilnius: Valstybinė politinės ir mokslinės literatūros leidykla.