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See also: Sapphire


A sapphire.
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From Middle English saphir, from Old French saphir, from Latin sapphir, sappir, sapphīrus,[1] from Ancient Greek σάπφειρος (sáppheiros, precious stone, gem),[2][3] from a Semitic language (compare Hebrew סַפִּיר(sappī́r)[4]), perhaps ultimately from a non-Semitic source such as Sanskrit शनिप्रिय (śanipriya, dark-colored stone, literally dear to Saturn)[5].


  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈsæf.aɪ̯ə(ɹ)/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈsæf.aɪ̯ɚ/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: sap‧phire


sapphire (countable and uncountable, plural sapphires)

  1. (countable) A clear deep blue variety of corundum, valued as a precious stone.
    • 2012 March 1, Lee A. Groat, “Gemstones”, in American Scientist[1], volume 100, number 2, page 128:
      Although there are dozens of different types of gems, among the best known and most important are diamond, ruby and sapphire, emerald and other gem forms of the mineral beryl, chrysoberyl, tanzanite, tsavorite, topaz and jade.
  2. (countable and uncountable) A white, yellow, or purple variety of corundum, either clear or translucent.
  3. (countable and uncountable) A deep blue colour.
  4. (countable) Any hummingbird in the genera Hylocharis and Chlorestes, as well as the rufous-throated sapphire, which is now in the genus Amazilia.
  5. Any of the butterflies in the southern Asian lycaenid genus Heliophorus.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


  • Tokelauan: hafaila
  • Welsh: saffir



sapphire (comparative more sapphire, superlative most sapphire)

  1. of a deep blue colour.
  2. pertaining to a 45th year

Derived terms[edit]

(45 years):


See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • David Barthelmy (1997–2022), “Sapphire”, in Webmineral Mineralogy Database.
  • sapphire”, in[2], Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, 2000–2022.
  1. ^ sapphīrus”, in Charlton T[homas] Lewis; Charles [Lancaster] Short (1879) [] A New Latin Dictionary [], New York, N.Y.; Cincinnati, Ohio; Chicago, Ill.: American Book Company; Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  2. ^ σάπφειρος”, in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  3. ^ G4552 in Strong, James (1979) Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible
  4. ^ H5601 in Strong, James (1979) Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible
  5. ^ Monier Williams (1899), “sapphire”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 1051/3.




sapphīre f

  1. vocative singular of sapphīrus


  • sapphire”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers