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See also: Sapphire


A sapphire.
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Borrowed from Old French saphir, from Latin sapphir, sappir, sapphīrus,[1] from Ancient Greek σάπφειρος (sáppheiros, precious stone, gem),[2][3] from a Semitic language (compare Hebrew סַפִּיר (sappī́r)[4]), perhaps ultimately from a non-Semitic source such as Sanskrit शनिप्रिय (śanipriya, dark-colored stone, literally dear to Saturn)[5].


  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈsæf.aɪ̯ə(ɹ)/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈsæf.aɪ̯ɚ/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: sap‧phire


sapphire (countable and uncountable, plural sapphires)

  1. (countable) A clear deep blue variety of corundum, valued as a precious stone.
    • 2012 March 1, Lee A. Groat, “Gemstones”, in American Scientist[1], volume 100, number 2, page 128:
      Although there are dozens of different types of gems, among the best known and most important are diamond, ruby and sapphire, emerald and other gem forms of the mineral beryl, chrysoberyl, tanzanite, tsavorite, topaz and jade.
  2. (countable and uncountable) A white, yellow, or purple variety of corundum, either clear or translucent.
  3. (countable and uncountable) A deep blue colour.
    sapphire colour:  
  4. (countable) A type of South American hummingbird (Chlorestes notata) also called blue-chinned sapphire.
    The blue-chinned sapphire can be found many parts of South America, depending on season.

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sapphire (comparative more sapphire, superlative most sapphire)

  1. of a deep blue colour.
  2. pertaining to a 45th year

Derived terms[edit]

(45 years):


See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Sapphire” in David Barthelmy, Webmineral Mineralogy Database[2], 1997–.
  • sapphire[3], Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, accessed 29 August 2016
  1. ^ sapphīrus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  2. ^ σάπφειρος in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  3. ^ G4552”, in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible, 1979
  4. ^ H5601”, in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible, 1979
  5. ^ Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1051/3




sapphīre f

  1. vocative singular of sapphīrus


  • sapphire in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers