Old French saphir, from Latin sapphirus, from Ancient Greek ἡ σάπφειρος (hē sáppheiros, “precious stone, gem”) (2nd decl.; transliterated /sápfiros/ in G4552 in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible, sometimes spelt σάμφειρος (sámpheiros) in Griechisch-deutsches Handwörterbuch or unusually hyphened as σάπ-φειρος by Leander van Ess in "Hē palaia diathēkē kata tous hebdomēkonta" published in 1835), from a Semitic language (compare Hebrew סַפִּיר (sappir), see H5601 in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible), probably ultimately from a non-Semitic source such as Sanskrit शनिप्रिय (śanipriya, “dear to Saturn”) and dark-coloured stone (compare Sanskrit Dictionary for Spoken Sanskrit).
sapphire (plural sapphires)
- A clear deep blue variety of corundum, valued as a precious stone.
2012 March 1, Lee A. Groat, “Gemstones”, American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, page 128:
- Although there are dozens of different types of gems, among the best known and most important are diamond, ruby and sapphire, emerald and other gem forms of the mineral beryl, chrysoberyl, tanzanite, tsavorite, topaz and jade.
- A white, yellow, or purple variety of corundum, either clear or translucent.
- A deep blue colour.
- A type of South American hummingbird.
- The blue-chinned sapphire can be found many parts of South America, depending on season.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
- of a deep blue colour.
- (blues) blue; Alice blue, aqua, aquamarine, azure, baby blue, beryl, bice, bice blue, blue green, blue violet, blueberry, cadet blue, Cambridge blue, cerulean, cobalt blue, Copenhagen blue, cornflower, cornflower blue, cyan, Dodger blue, duck-egg blue, eggshell blue, electric-blue, gentian blue, ice blue, lapis lazuli, lovat, mazarine, midnight blue, navy, Nile blue, Oxford blue, peacock blue, petrol blue, powder blue, Prussian blue, robin's-egg blue, royal blue, sapphire, saxe blue, slate blue, sky blue, teal, turquoise, ultramarine, Wedgwood blue, zaffre (Category: en:Blues)