safiri

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Swahili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سَفَرَ (safara).

Verb[edit]

-safiri (infinitive kusafiri)

  1. to travel
  2. to go on an expedition
  3. to go on a journey

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of -safiri
Non-finite forms
Form Positive Negative
Infinitive kusafiri kutosafiri
Simple finite forms
Positive form Singular Plural
Imperative safiri safirini
Habitual husafiri
Complex finite forms
Polarity Persons Persons / Classes Classes
1st 2nd 3rd / M-wa M-mi Ma Ki-vi N U Ku Pa Mu
Sg. Pl. Sg. Pl. Sg. / 1 Pl. / 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 / 14 15 / 17 16 18
Past
Positive nilisafiri
nalisafiri
tulisafiri
twalisafiri
ulisafiri
walisafiri
mlisafiri
mwalisafiri
alisafiri walisafiri ulisafiri ilisafiri lilisafiri yalisafiri kilisafiri vilisafiri ilisafiri zilisafiri ulisafiri kulisafiri palisafiri mulisafiri
Relative niliosafiri
naliosafiri
tuliosafiri
twaliosafiri
uliosafiri
waliosafiri
mliosafiri
mwaliosafiri
aliosafiri waliosafiri uliosafiri iliosafiri liliosafiri yaliosafiri kiliosafiri viliosafiri iliosafiri ziliosafiri uliosafiri kuliosafiri paliosafiri muliosafiri
Negative sikusafiri hatukusafiri hukusafiri hamkusafiri hakusafiri hawakusafiri haukusafiri haikusafiri halikusafiri hayakusafiri hakikusafiri havikusafiri haikusafiri hazikusafiri haukusafiri hakukusafiri hapakusafiri hamukusafiri
Present
Positive ninasafiri
nasafiri
tunasafiri unasafiri mnasafiri anasafiri wanasafiri unasafiri inasafiri linasafiri yanasafiri kinasafiri vinasafiri inasafiri zinasafiri unasafiri kunasafiri panasafiri munasafiri
Relative ninaosafiri
naosafiri
tunaosafiri unaosafiri mnaosafiri anaosafiri wanaosafiri unaosafiri inaosafiri linaosafiri yanaosafiri kinaosafiri vinaosafiri inaosafiri zinaosafiri unaosafiri kunaosafiri panaosafiri munaosafiri
Negative sisafiri hatusafiri husafiri hamsafiri hasafiri hawasafiri hausafiri haisafiri halisafiri hayasafiri hakisafiri havisafiri haisafiri hazisafiri hausafiri hakusafiri hapasafiri hamusafiri
Future
Positive nitasafiri tutasafiri utasafiri mtasafiri atasafiri watasafiri utasafiri itasafiri litasafiri yatasafiri kitasafiri vitasafiri itasafiri zitasafiri utasafiri kutasafiri patasafiri mutasafiri
Relative nitakaosafiri tutakaosafiri utakaosafiri mtakaosafiri atakaosafiri watakaosafiri utakaosafiri itakaosafiri litakaosafiri yatakaosafiri kitakaosafiri vitakaosafiri itakaosafiri zitakaosafiri utakaosafiri kutakaosafiri patakaosafiri mutakaosafiri
Negative sitasafiri hatutasafiri hutasafiri hamtasafiri hatasafiri hawatasafiri hautasafiri haitasafiri halitasafiri hayatasafiri hakitasafiri havitasafiri haitasafiri hazitasafiri hautasafiri hakutasafiri hapatasafiri hamutasafiri
Subjunctive
Positive nisafiri tusafiri usafiri msafiri asafiri wasafiri usafiri isafiri lisafiri yasafiri kisafiri visafiri isafiri zisafiri usafiri kusafiri pasafiri musafiri
Negative nisisafiri tusisafiri usisafiri msisafiri asisafiri wasisafiri usisafiri isisafiri lisisafiri yasisafiri kisisafiri visisafiri isisafiri zisisafiri usisafiri kusisafiri pasisafiri musisafiri
Present Conditional
Positive ningesafiri tungesafiri ungesafiri mngesafiri angesafiri wangesafiri ungesafiri ingesafiri lingesafiri yangesafiri kingesafiri vingesafiri ingesafiri zingesafiri ungesafiri kungesafiri pangesafiri mungesafiri
Negative nisingesafiri
singesafiri
tusingesafiri
hatungesafiri
usingesafiri
hungesafiri
msingesafiri
hamngesafiri
asingesafiri
hangesafiri
wasingesafiri
hawangesafiri
usingesafiri
haungesafiri
isingesafiri
haingesafiri
lisingesafiri
halingesafiri
yasingesafiri
hayangesafiri
kisingesafiri
hakingesafiri
visingesafiri
havingesafiri
isingesafiri
haingesafiri
zisingesafiri
hazingesafiri
usingesafiri
haungesafiri
kusingesafiri
hakungesafiri
pasingesafiri
hapangesafiri
musingesafiri
hamungesafiri
Past Conditional
Positive ningalisafiri tungalisafiri ungalisafiri mngalisafiri angalisafiri wangalisafiri ungalisafiri ingalisafiri lingalisafiri yangalisafiri kingalisafiri vingalisafiri ingalisafiri zingalisafiri ungalisafiri kungalisafiri pangalisafiri mungalisafiri
Negative nisingalisafiri
singalisafiri
tusingalisafiri
hatungalisafiri
usingalisafiri
hungalisafiri
msingalisafiri
hamngalisafiri
asingalisafiri
hangalisafiri
wasingalisafiri
hawangalisafiri
usingalisafiri
haungalisafiri
isingalisafiri
haingalisafiri
lisingalisafiri
halingalisafiri
yasingalisafiri
hayangalisafiri
kisingalisafiri
hakingalisafiri
visingalisafiri
havingalisafiri
isingalisafiri
haingalisafiri
zisingalisafiri
hazingalisafiri
usingalisafiri
haungalisafiri
kusingalisafiri
hakungalisafiri
pasingalisafiri
hapangalisafiri
musingalisafiri
hamungalisafiri
Conditional Contrary to Fact
Positive ningelisafiri tungelisafiri ungelisafiri mngelisafiri angelisafiri wangelisafiri ungelisafiri ingelisafiri lingelisafiri yangelisafiri kingelisafiri vingelisafiri ingelisafiri zingelisafiri ungelisafiri kungelisafiri pangelisafiri mungelisafiri
General Relative
Positive nisafiri tusafiri usafiri msafiri asafiri wasafiri usafiri isafiri lisafiri yasafiri kisafiri visafiri isafiri zisafiri usafiri kusafiri pasafiri musafiri
Negative nisiosafiri tusiosafiri usiosafiri msiosafiri asiosafiri wasiosafiri usiosafiri isiosafiri lisiosafiri yasiosafiri kisiosafiri visiosafiri isiosafiri zisiosafiri usiosafiri kusiosafiri pasiosafiri musiosafiri
Gnomic
Positive nasafiri twasafiri wasafiri mwasafiri asafiri wasafiri wasafiri yasafiri lasafiri yasafiri chasafiri vyasafiri yasafiri zasafiri wasafiri kwasafiri pasafiri mwasafiri
Perfect
Positive nimesafiri tumesafiri umesafiri mmesafiri amesafiri wamesafiri umesafiri imesafiri limesafiri yamesafiri kimesafiri vimesafiri imesafiri zimesafiri umesafiri kumesafiri pamesafiri mumesafiri
"Already"
Positive nimeshasafiri tumeshasafiri umeshasafiri mmeshasafiri ameshasafiri wameshasafiri umeshasafiri imeshasafiri limeshasafiri yameshasafiri kimeshasafiri vimeshasafiri imeshasafiri zimeshasafiri umeshasafiri kumeshasafiri pameshasafiri mumeshasafiri
"Not yet"
Negative sijasafiri hatujasafiri hujasafiri hamjasafiri hajasafiri hawajasafiri haujasafiri haijasafiri halijasafiri hayajasafiri hakijasafiri havijasafiri haijasafiri hazijasafiri haujasafiri hakujasafiri hapajasafiri hamujasafiri
"If/When"
Positive nikisafiri tukisafiri ukisafiri mkisafiri akisafiri wakisafiri ukisafiri ikisafiri likisafiri yakisafiri kikisafiri vikisafiri ikisafiri zikisafiri ukisafiri kukisafiri pakisafiri mukisafiri
"If not"
Negative nisiposafiri tusiposafiri usiposafiri msiposafiri asiposafiri wasiposafiri usiposafiri isiposafiri lisiposafiri yasiposafiri kisiposafiri visiposafiri isiposafiri zisiposafiri usiposafiri kusiposafiri pasiposafiri musiposafiri
Consecutive
Positive nikasafiri tukasafiri ukasafiri mkasafiri akasafiri wakasafiri ukasafiri ikasafiri likasafiri yakasafiri kikasafiri vikasafiri ikasafiri zikasafiri ukasafiri kukasafiri pakasafiri mukasafiri
Not all possible forms are listed in the table. Transitive verbs can take object concords, relative concords can agree with all noun classes, and many other forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

Related terms[edit]