serge

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See also: Serge and sergé

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from French serge, replacing an older borrowing from Middle French sarge, from Old French, from Vulgar Latin *sarica, from Latin sērica (silk garments).

Noun[edit]

serge (countable and uncountable, plural serges)

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  1. (textiles) A type of worsted cloth.
    • 1834, Letitia Elizabeth Landon, Francesca Carrara, volume 3, page 110:
      Lucy, who had only seen her in either the large loose wrapping dress of serge, or in the quaint simplicity of the Puritanic garb, then so general in England, could not restrain an exclamation of admiration as she returned to their chamber.
    • 1993, John Banville, Ghosts:
      What I noticed most strongly was his smell, of hair oil and serge and cigarette smoke, and something else, something intimate and sour and wholly, shockingly other.
  2. (by metonymy) A garment made of this fabric.
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

serge (third-person singular simple present serges, present participle serging, simple past and past participle serged)

  1. (sewing) To overlock.

Etymology 2[edit]

From French cierge.

Noun[edit]

serge (plural serges)

  1. A large wax candle used in some church ceremonies.

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French sarge, from Old French sarge, from Vulgar Latin *sarica, from Latin sērica, ultimately from the Ancient Greek σηρῐκός (sērikós, silken).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

serge f (plural serges)

  1. (textiles) twill, serge

Descendants[edit]

  • English: serge

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French cierge, cerge, cirge, from Latin cereus (waxy).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsɛrdʒ(ə)/, /ˈsirdʒ(ə)/

Noun[edit]

serge (plural serges)

  1. cierge (candle used in ceremony)
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

serge

  1. Alternative form of serche (search)

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

serge

  1. Alternative form of serche (cut rock)

Etymology 4[edit]

Verb[edit]

serge

  1. Alternative form of serchen (to search)