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See also: sìth, siþ, and síð


Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English sith(journey, movement, lifetime, period, occasion), from Old English siþ(journey, movement, trip, point in time, occasion), from Proto-Germanic *sinþaz, from Proto-Indo-European *sent-(to go, head). Cognate with Faroese sinn(time), Gothic 𐍃𐌹𐌽𐌸𐍃(sinþs, path, movement), Icelandic sinn(time) . See also send.



sith (plural siths)

  1. (obsolete) A journey, way.
    • The Towneley Plays (1460-1500)ː
      The holy ghost [] on his sith.
  2. (obsolete) One's journey of life, experience, one's lot, also by extension life, lifetime.
    Christ's sith of sorrow and suffering.
  3. (obsolete) A time, a point in time or an occasion.
    • Secretum Secretorum in Ashmoleː
      Of them the other philosophers have, by siths, taken their beginning.
    • Spenser (1590)
      The foolish man.. humbly thanked him a thousand siths.
    • Hall (1598)
      He.. wishes for home a thousand siths a day.

Usage notes[edit]

"Sith" fell out of common usage in the 16th century. 14th and 15th century mentions are plentiful and the presence of this word in such works as The Towneley Plays (which were performed up until the latter half of the 16th century) indicates that the word was still probably in use throughout the first half of the 16th century, mostly in various idioms and set expressions. The phrase "by siths" used to mean at times, sometimes.


Etymology 2[edit]

Short for sithen.




  1. (archaic) since.
    • 1602 : Hamlet by William Shakespeare, act 2 scene 2 lines 6-7
      Sith nor th'exterior nor the inward man / Resembles that it was.
    • Latimer
      We need not fear them, sith Christ is with us.
    • 1611, Bible (KJV), Ezekiel 35:6:
      Therefore, as I live, saith the Lord GOD, I will prepare thee unto blood, and blood shall pursue thee: sith thou hast not hated blood, even blood shall pursue thee.