slaucīt

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally the iterative form of slaukt ‎(to milk) (q.v.; originally also “to wipe”). Cognates include Lithuanian šlaukýti ‎(to wipe, to rub).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Verb[edit]

slaucīt tr., 3rd conj., pres. slauku, slauki, slauka, past slaucīju

  1. to wipe (to dry something by rubbing it with something soft, absorbent)
    slaucīt nosvīdušo pieri — to wipe (one's) sweaty forehead
    slaucīt nolijušo galdu — to wipe a table on which (water) was spilled
    slaucīt rokas dvielī pēc mazgāšanas — to wipe (one's) hands in a towel after washing
    slaucīt traukus — to wipe, to dry the dishes
    viņa slaucīja šķīvjus, trina arī vēl tad, kad tie jau bija pavisam sausi — she wiped the dishes, she rubbed even when they were completely dry
    priekšā sēdošais pasažieris tramvajā ar cimdu slauka nosvīdušo logu un uzmanīgi vēro apkārtni — the (person) sitting in the front of the tram wiped the sweaty window with (his) glove and attentively watched (his) surroundings
    Anna neko neteica, tikai klusi šņukstēja un ar priekšauta stūri slaucīja acis — Anna said nothing, she only sobbed quietly and wiped her eyes with the corner of (her) apron
  2. to wipe (to remove (some liquid) from someting by rubbing it with something soft, absorbent)
    slaucīt izlieto ūdeni — to wipe the spilled water
    slaucīt lietus lāses no loga — to wipe raindrops off the window
    slaucīt asaras, zviedrus — to wipe tears, sweat
    saule kveldēja Gustu un skubināja ik brīdi ar piedurkni slaucīt sviedrus — the sun tormented Gusts and forced him every moment to wipe the sweat with (his) sleeve
    māte nerunāja, tikai lakatiņa stūrī slaucīja asaras — mother did not talk, she only wiped her tears with a corner of the handkerchief
  3. to wipe, to sweep (to clean a surface by pulling some utensil, e.g., a broom, or a piece of cloth, over it)
    slaucīt galdu pēc pusdienām — to wipe the table after lunch
    slaucīt noputējušas rokas — to wipe (one's) dusty hands
    slaucīt virtuvē grīdu — to sweep the floor in the kitchen
    slaucīt dārza celiņus — to sweep the garden paths #: slaucīt pagalmu — to sweep the courtyard
  4. to wipe, to sweep (to remove dirt by pulling some utensil, e.g., a broom, or a piece of cloth, over it)
    slaucīt istabā putekļus — to wipe, to sweep the dust in the room
    slaucīt pagalmā skaidas — to sweep the sawdust in the yard
    atgrūdis veco kušeti, viņš slaucīja zem tās sakritušos netīrumus — having pushed the old couch away, he swept the dirt that had fallen under it
    viņš diendienā tikai slaucījis sodrējus no sava ciemata māju skursteņiem — every day he only wiped the soot from the chimneys of the houses in his village
  5. (figuratively) to wipe away, to destroy
    lielgabals atklāja drudžainu uguni, slaucīdams ar šķembu lādiņiem visu no ceļa — the machine gun opened hectic fire, wiping everything from the road

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “slaucīt”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7