slaucīt

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally the iterative form of slaukt (to milk) (q.v.; originally also “to wipe”). Cognates include Lithuanian šlaukýti (to wipe, to rub).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Verb[edit]

slaucīt tr., 3rd conj., pres. slauku, slauki, slauka, past slaucīju

  1. to wipe (to dry something by rubbing it with something soft, absorbent)
    slaucīt nosvīdušo pierito wipe (one's) sweaty forehead
    slaucīt nolijušo galduto wipe a table on which (water) was spilled
    slaucīt rokas dvielī pēc mazgāšanasto wipe (one's) hands in a towel after washing
    slaucīt traukusto wipe, to dry the dishes
    viņa slaucīja šķīvjus, trina arī vēl tad, kad tie jau bija pavisam sausishe wiped the dishes, she rubbed even when they were completely dry
    priekšā sēdošais pasažieris tramvajā ar cimdu slauka nosvīdušo logu un uzmanīgi vēro apkārtnithe (person) sitting in the front of the tram wiped the sweaty window with (his) glove and attentively watched (his) surroundings
    Anna neko neteica, tikai klusi šņukstēja un ar priekšauta stūri slaucīja acisAnna said nothing, she only sobbed quietly and wiped her eyes with the corner of (her) apron
  2. to wipe (to remove (some liquid) from someting by rubbing it with something soft, absorbent)
    slaucīt izlieto ūdenito wipe the spilled water
    slaucīt lietus lāses no logato wipe raindrops off the window
    slaucīt asaras, zviedrusto wipe tears, sweat
    saule kveldēja Gustu un skubināja ik brīdi ar piedurkni slaucīt sviedrusthe sun tormented Gusts and forced him every moment to wipe the sweat with (his) sleeve
    māte nerunāja, tikai lakatiņa stūrī slaucīja asarasmother did not talk, she only wiped her tears with a corner of the handkerchief
  3. to wipe, to sweep (to clean a surface by pulling some utensil, e.g., a broom, or a piece of cloth, over it)
    slaucīt galdu pēc pusdienāmto wipe the table after lunch
    slaucīt noputējušas rokasto wipe (one's) dusty hands
    slaucīt virtuvē grīduto sweep the floor in the kitchen
    slaucīt dārza celiņusto sweep the garden paths
    slaucīt pagalmuto sweep the courtyard
  4. to wipe, to sweep (to remove dirt by pulling some utensil, e.g., a broom, or a piece of cloth, over it)
    slaucīt istabā putekļusto wipe, to sweep the dust in the room
    slaucīt pagalmā skaidasto sweep the sawdust in the yard
    atgrūdis veco kušeti, viņš slaucīja zem tās sakritušos netīrumushaving pushed the old couch away, he swept the dirt that had fallen under it
    viņš diendienā tikai slaucījis sodrējus no sava ciemata māju skursteņiemevery day he only wiped the soot from the chimneys of the houses in his village
  5. (figuratively) to wipe away, to destroy
    lielgabals atklāja drudžainu uguni, slaucīdams ar šķembu lādiņiem visu no ceļathe machine gun opened hectic fire, wiping everything from the road

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “slaucīt”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7