absorbent

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin absorbēns, present active participle of absorbeō (absorb).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /əbˈsɔː.bn̩t/, /əbˈzɔː.bn̩t/
  • (US) IPA(key): /æbˈsɔɹ.bn̩t/, /æbˈzɔɹ.bn̩t/, /əbˈsɔɹ.bn̩t/, /əbˈzɔɹ.bn̩t/
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

absorbent (comparative more absorbent, superlative most absorbent)

  1. Having the ability or tendency to absorb; able to soak up liquid easily; absorptive. [First attested in the early 18th century.][1]
    Those paper towels were amazingly absorbent. That was quite a spill.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

absorbent (plural absorbents)

  1. Anything which absorbs. [First attested in the early 18th century.][1]
    • 1839, Darwin, Charles, The Voyage of the Beagle, page 225, Forgotten Books:
      In the Southern Ocean the winter is not so excessively cold, but the summer is far less hot, for the clouded sky seldom allows the sun to warm the ocean, itself a bad absorbent of heat: and hence the mean temperature of the year [] is low.
  2. (physiology, pluralized, now rare) The vessels by which the processes of absorption are carried on, as the lymphatics in animals, the extremities of the roots in plants. [First attested in the mid 18th century.][1]
  3. (medicine) Any substance which absorbs and neutralizes acid fluid in the stomach and bowels, as magnesia, chalk, etc.; also a substance, e.g., iodine, which acts on the absorbent vessels so as to reduce enlarged and indurated parts.
  4. (chemistry) A liquid used in the process of separating gases or volatile liquids, in oil refining.

Descendants[edit]

  • Norwegian Bokmål: absorbent

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors (2002), “absorbent”, in The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 9.

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

absorbent (masculine and feminine plural absorbents)

  1. absorbent

Noun[edit]

absorbent m (plural absorbents)

  1. absorbent

Related terms[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

absorbent

  1. third-person plural present indicative/subjunctive of absorber

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

absorbent

  1. third-person plural present active indicative of absorbeō

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English absorbent, from Latin absorbēns (swallowing, absorbing), present active participle of absorbeō (absorb), from both ab- (from, away from, off), from ab (from, away from, on, in), from Proto-Italic *ab, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (off, away), + and from sorbeō (I suck in, drink up), from Proto-Italic *sorβeō (to suck in), from Proto-Indo-European *srobʰéyeti (to be sipping, sucking), from *srebʰ- (to sip, gulp, suck (in)) and *-éyeti, from *-yeti (creates transitive imperfective verbs).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /absɔrˈbɛnt/, /apsɔrˈbɛnt/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛnt
  • Hyphenation: ab‧sor‧bent

Noun[edit]

absorbent m (definite singular absorbenten, indefinite plural absorbenter, definite plural absorbentene)

  1. an absorbent or absorber (something which absorbs)
    • 1971, Teknisk Ukeblad:
      absorbenter eller reflektorer på vegger eller i tak
      absorbents or reflectors on walls or ceilings

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin absorbēns (absorbing).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

absorbent m inan

  1. (chemistry) absorbent, absorber (anything which absorbs)
    Synonyms: pochłaniacz, absorber

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]