tīrīt

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the same stem as tīrs (clean) (q.v.), of which it was originally the causative form (cf. its Lithuanian cognate týrinti (to make clear, clean)).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Verb[edit]

tīrīt tr., 3rd conj., pres. tīru, tīri, tīra, past tīrīju

  1. to clean (to make something clean, cleaner, e.g.,by scrubbing or washing it)
    tīrīt apģērbus, zābakus — to clean one's clothes, boots
    ķīmiski tīrīt mēteli — to dry-clean the coat (lit. to clean it chemically)
    tīrīt dzīvokli — to clean the apartment
    tīrīt zobus — to clean (one's) teeth
    tīrīt ielu no sniega — to clean the street from snow
    ūdens strūkla tīra ietves — the water spray cleans the sidewalks
    man gan vienmēr paticis tīrīt, kārtot, mazgāt... ja man būtu bijis laiks! — I always liked to clean, to tidy up, to wash... if only I had had time!
  2. to clean (to remove something undesirable, e.g. dirt, stains, etc., from something else)
    tīrīt putekļus — to clean the dust
    tīrīt gružus no celiņa — to clean the debris from the roadway
    sieviete apstājās netālu no durvīm un sāka tīrīt no drēbēm sniegu — the woman stood near the door and began to clean the snow from her clothes
  3. to clean (to separate unnecessary parts, elements from something, in order to prepare it for use, or for further processing)
    tīrīt zivis, saknes — to clean fish, roots
    tīrīt zvīņas (no zivju) — to clean the scales (from fish)
    tīrīt sēnes — to clean the mushrooms
    tīrīt graudu sēklas — to clean the grain seeds
  4. to clean (to free a territory, an organization, etc. from undesirable people)
    bet tur mežā nebūt nav mazāk bīstami: vācieši kopā ar šucmaņiem laiku pa laikam tīra mežus — but there in the forest it would not be less dangerous: the Germans and their policemen occasionally cleaned the forests
  5. (colloquial) to clean, to steal

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “tīrs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7