thesaurus

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
For the Wiktionary thesaurus, see Wiktionary:Wikisaurus
See also: Thesaurus and thésaurus

English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

16th century, from Latin thēsaurus, from Ancient Greek θησαυρός (thēsaurós, storehouse, treasure); its current English usage/meaning was established soon after the publication of Peter Roget's Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases in 1852

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

thesaurus (plural thesauri or thesauruses)

  1. A publication, usually in the form of a book, that provides synonyms (and sometimes antonyms) for the words of a given language.
    "Roget" is the leading brand name for a print English thesaurus that lists words under general concepts rather than just close synonyms.
  2. (archaic) A dictionary or encyclopedia.
  3. (information science) A hierarchy of subject headingscanonic titles of themes and topics, the titles serving as search keys.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek θησαυρός (thēsaurós, storehouse, treasure).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

thēsaurus m (genitive thēsaurī); second declension

  1. treasure, hoard
    • 405, Jerome and others, Vulgate, Daniel 1:2
      [] et vasa intulit in domum thesauri dei sui
      " [] and he brought the vessels into the treasure house of his god."
  2. a dear friend, loved one
  3. a vault for treasure
  4. chest, strongbox
  5. repository, collection

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative thēsaurus thēsaurī
genitive thēsaurī thēsaurōrum
dative thēsaurō thēsaurīs
accusative thēsaurum thēsaurōs
ablative thēsaurō thēsaurīs
vocative thēsaure thēsaurī

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • thesaurus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • thesaurus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “thesaurus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • thesaurus” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • thesaurus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • thesaurus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

thesaurus m (plural thesauri or thesaurus)

  1. thesaurus (dictionary of synonyms)

Synonyms[edit]