лес

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Belarusian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lěsъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

лес (les) m

  1. forest, woods

Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lěsъ (tree, forest).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

лес (lesm

  1. A large and centuries-old forest.

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lěsъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

лес (lesm inan (genitive ле́са, nominative plural леса́)

  1. forest, woods
    леса́ (lesá) plwoodland, forests
    девственный лес (dévstvennyj) — virgin forest, primeval forest
    заповедный лес means:
    заповедник - protection forest
    (poetic) тайный лес, священный лес, божий лес — sacred forest, a forest that nobody may enter
    корабельный лес (korabélnyj) — ship timber
    лиственный лес (lístvennyj) — leaf-bearing forest
    смешанный лес (sméšannyj) — mixed forest
    тропический лес (tropíčeskij) — rainforest
    хвойный лес (khvójnyj) — coniferous forest
    чаща леса — thicket, the depths of forest
    шум леса — murmur of the forest
    как в лесу (kak v lesú) (saying)at sea, lost, disoriented
    кто в лес, кто по дрова (proverb)(to be) at sixes and sevens (literal: some go to the forest, some go for firewood)
    лес рубят — щепки летят (proverb)you can’t make an omelette without breaking eggs (literally: when cutting trees, chips fly)
    (для него) это тёмный лес (or дремучий лес) (saying), (figuratively)it is all Greek (to him), (he is) completely in the dark about it (literally: this is the dark forest for him)
    в лесу́ люди лесеют, а в людях людеют (proverb)literal: in the forest people become wild, and become people among people
    чей лес, того и пень (proverb)literally: the man who owns a forest, also owns a stump
    Бог и ле́су не сравня́л (saying) - literally: God doesn’t even make the forest equal, meaning that people are not equal
  2. (only singular) lumber, timber
    лес в плотах (v plotákh) — timber float
    лес на корню (na kornjú) — standing timber
  3. (only plural) леса́ scaffolding, scaffold trestle, falsework
    леса (lesá) plscaffolding, scaffold trestle
  4. (figuratively) much, many, a lot of smth. (especially high, eminent)
    лес рук - a forest of hands (in school if nobody wants to answer the teacher’s question, it's used sarcastically, when nobody actually raises a hand, there is no "forest of hands", not a single "tree", i.e. hand).
    лес мачтa large number of ships
    лес штыков (štykóv) — forest of bayonets

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lěsъ (tree, forest).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

ле̑с m (Latin spelling lȇs)

  1. coffin
  2. (regionally) lumber
  3. (regionally) forest, woods
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From German Löss.

Noun[edit]

ле̑с m (Latin spelling lȇs)

  1. (geology) loess