она

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Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ona.

Pronoun[edit]

она (ona)

  1. she
  2. nominative singular feminine of онъ (onŭ)
  3. nominative and accusative dual masculine of онъ (onŭ)
  4. nominative and accusative plural neuter of онъ (onŭ)

See also[edit]

  • ѭ ()

Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

она́ (oná) (masculine counterpart он, neuter counterpart оно́)

  1. third-person feminine singular pronoun: she, it.
  2. third-person feminine singular objective pronoun: her, it.
    Да как же она, так и говорит? (Da kak že oná, tak i govorít?) — What is she like? Does she talk?
    Её нет дома (Jejó net dóma, genitive) — She’s not home.
    Ей не спится (Jej ne spítsja, dative) — She is unable to sleep.
    Я вижу её (Ja vížu jejó, accusative) — I see her.
    За нею пять рублей (Za njéju pjat' rubléj, instrumental) — She owes five rubles.
    Он это при ней сказал (On éto pri nej skazál, prepositional) — He said it in her presence.

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Whenever a preposition stands immediately before any of the oblique cases of the third-person pronoun (singular or plural) and directly governs it, then an н- is prefixed to the pronoun: от неё (ot nejó, from her), на ней (na nej, on her), у неё (u nejó, she has), к ней (k nej, to her), с нею (s néju, with her).
  • The explanation for the н-prothesis is that, originally, some Russian prepositions ended in the letter -н: сън (sŭn, “with”...cf. Greek σύν, Latin cum). Eventually, the final н of these prepositions migrated across to the pronoun, so that вън её became modern в неё, and then this was extended to include all prepositions when governing any third-person pronoun.
  • Note that if the preposition does not directly govern её (i.e., when её is a possessive pronoun), then the н- is not inserted: у её брата (u jejó bráta, at her brother’s), о её матери (o jejó máteri, about her mother), в её комнате (v jejó kómnate, in her room).
  • When there is another word separating a preposition and any oblique case of она, the н- is not added: у самой её (u samój jejó, with her herself).

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ona, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eno-

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ǒna/
  • Hyphenation: о‧на

Pronoun[edit]

о̀на (Latin spelling òna)

  1. she
  2. they (nominative plural of о̀но (it))

Declension[edit]