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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 4 丿+7, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹十中心 (HJLP), four-corner 20111, composition)

  1. obedient
  2. rebel
  3. crafty, shrewd

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 83, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 149
  • Dae Jaweon: page 166, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 38, character 18
  • Unihan data for U+4E56

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (乖), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 皆
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古懷切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣuɛi/ /kwăi/ /kuɛi/ /kʷɯæi/ /kwəɨj/ /kwɐi/ /kuɐi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
guāi ‹ kweaj › /*kʷˤrəәj/ oppose; disorder

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4401 1 /*kʷrɯːl/

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(goe)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: goe, McCune-Reischauer: koe, Yale: koy)
  • Name (hangeul): 어그러질 (revised: eogeureojil, McCune-Reischauer: ǒgǔrǒjil)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]