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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 10 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 戈竹山 (IHU), four-corner 23210, composition)

  1. to grant, to allow, to consent

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 123, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1338
  • Dae Jaweon: page 258, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 265, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5141

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (允), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 以 (36)
Final: 諄
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 余準切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jiuɪnX/ /i̯uĕnX/ /iuĕnX/ /jʷinX/ /jwinX/ /jĭuĕnX/ /juenX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yǔn ‹ ywinX › /*[l]u[r]ʔ/ truly

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16452 2 /*lunʔ/ 說文以聲

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana まこと, romaji Makoto)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(yun) (hangeul , revised yun, McCune-Reischauer yun)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(duẫn, doãn)

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