大事

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

大事

  1. an important matter; a big deal; a major event
    關係生死大事 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]
    关系生死大事 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
    Zhè shì guānxì dào shēngsǐ de dàshì. [Pinyin]
    This is a matter of life and death.
    This is a matter of life and death.
    廉政建設關係國家生死攸關大事 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]
    廉政建设关系国家生死攸关大事 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
    Liánzhèng jiànshè shì guānxì dào dǎng hé guójiā shēngsǐ yōuguān de dàshì. [Pinyin]
    The construction of a clean and honest administration is a matter of life and death for both the party and the country.

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
だい
Grade: 1

Grade: 3
on'yomi

Adjectival noun[edit]

大事 (-na inflection, hiragana だいじ, romaji daiji)

  1. important
  2. (archaic) difficult, highly troubling
  3. (archaic) seriously ill or injured; grave
    • 10th century, Ochikubo Monogatari:
      いと大事 (だいじ)にはあらねど、 () ()しなやみ (たま)ふを
      ito daiji niha aranedo, oki fushi nayami tamafu o
      Although it wasn't the gravest [illness / situation], [he / she] truly suffered fitful nights and days unable to sleep.
    • 13th century, Koun Ejō, 正法眼蔵随聞記 巻六:
      或時 (あるとき) (しり)腫物 (はれもの) ()す。医師 (いし) (これ) ()て、大事 (だいじ)物也 (ものなり)、と (いふ)恵云 (けいいは)く、大事 (だいじ) (もの)ならば、 ()すべしや。医云 (いいは)く、ほとんどあやうかるべし。
      aru toki, shiri ni haremono o dasu. ishi, kore o mite, daijinomono nari, to ifu. kei ihaku, daiji no mono naraba, shisu beshi ya. i ihaku, hotondo ayaukaru beshi.
      One day, he got a swelling on the buttocks. The doctor saw it and said it was grave. "If it is grave, then would I die [soon]?" Kei asked. The doctor said, "Close to [life-]threatening."
Inflection[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

大事 (hiragana だいじ, romaji daiji)

  1. An important thing; a serious matter; a valuable thing
  2. (colloquial) trouble
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
おお
Grade: 1
こと > ごと
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

大事 (hiragana おおごと, romaji ōgoto)

  1. a serious matter

References[edit]

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakkan, ISBN 4095102535.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

大事 (daesa) (hangeul 대사)

  1. Hanja form? of 대사, “an important thing; a serious matter; a valuable thing”.