allay

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English alayen, aleyen, aleggen, from Old English ālecgan (to put, place, lay down, lay aside, throw down, give up, cease from, abandon; put down, allay, suppress, abolish, conquer, destroy, overcome, refute; lay upon, inflict, impose upon; diminish, take away, refuse, lessen, withhold), from Proto-Germanic *uzlagjaną (to lay down), equivalent to a- +‎ lay. Cognate with German erlegen (to impose, cause to succumb, kill), Gothic 𐌿𐍃𐌻𐌰𐌲𐌾𐌰𐌽 (uslagjan, to lay down). In Middle English the word was identical to forms of allege and alloy, leading to much overlapping of senses.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

allay (third-person singular simple present allays, present participle allaying, simple past and past participle allayed)

  1. (transitive) To make quiet or put at rest; to pacify or appease; to quell; to calm.
    to allay popular excitement
    to allay the tumult of the passions
  2. (transitive) To alleviate; to abate; to mitigate.
    to allay the severity of affliction or the bitterness of adversity
  3. (intransitive, obsolete) To subside, abate, become peaceful.
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Mark IV:
      And the wynde alayed, and there folowed a greate calme: and he sayde unto them: why are ye fearfull?
    • Shakespeare
      When the rage allays.
  4. (archaic) To mix (metals); to mix with a baser metal; to alloy; to deteriorate.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Fuller to this entry?)

Quotations[edit]

He had to pretend to be drunk in order to allay the suspicions which might have been aroused by his appearance at the gate.
—Sir Arthur Conan Doyle in A Study in Scarlet

Synonyms[edit]

  • alleviate; check; repress; assuage; appease; abate; subdue; destroy; compose; soothe; calm; quiet

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

allay

  1. alleviation; abatement; check

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Quechua[edit]

Verb[edit]

allay

  1. (transitive) to dig, to scratch the earth to harvest tubers

Conjugation[edit]

See also[edit]