allay

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English alayen, aleyen, aleggen, from Old English ālecgan (to put, place, lay down, lay aside, throw down, give up, cease from, abandon; put down, allay, suppress, abolish, conquer, destroy, overcome, refute; lay upon, inflict, impose upon; diminish, take away, refuse, lessen, withhold), from Proto-Germanic *uzlagjaną (to lay down), equivalent to a- +‎ lay. Cognate with German erlegen (to impose, cause to succumb, kill), Gothic [script needed] (uslagjan, to lay down). In Middle English the word was identical to forms of allege and alloy, leading to much overlapping of senses. [script needed]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

allay (third-person singular simple present allays, present participle allaying, simple past and past participle allayed)

  1. (transitive) To make quiet or put at rest; to pacify or appease; to quell; to calm.
    to allay popular excitement
    to allay the tumult of the passions
  2. (transitive) To alleviate; to abate; to mitigate.
    to allay the severity of affliction or the bitterness of adversity
  3. (intransitive, obsolete) To subside, abate, become peaceful.
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Mark IV:
      And the wynde alayed, and there folowed a greate calme: and he sayde unto them: why are ye fearfull?
    • Shakespeare
      When the rage allays.
  4. (archaic) To mix (metals); to mix with a baser metal; to alloy; to deteriorate.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Fuller to this entry?)

Quotations[edit]

He had to pretend to be drunk in order to allay the suspicions which might have been aroused by his appearance at the gate.
—Sir Arthur Conan Doyle in A Study in Scarlet

Synonyms[edit]

  • alleviate; check; repress; assuage; appease; abate; subdue; destroy; compose; soothe; calm; quiet

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

allay

  1. alleviation; abatement; check

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Quechua[edit]

Verb[edit]

allay

  1. (transitive) to dig, to scratch the earth to harvest tubers

Conjugation[edit]

See also[edit]