mirt

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *mir-, from the zero grade *mr̥- of Proto-Indo-European *mor-, *mer- (to die). An ancient derivation *mirtis (death) has been replaced by nāve (death) (q.v.); cf. Lithuanian mirtìs (death). Cognates include Lithuanian mir̃ti, Proto-Slavic *merti, first person *mьrǫ (Old Church Slavonic мрѣти (mrěti), мьрѫ (mĭrǫ), Russian colloquial мереть (merét’), мру (mru) (see умереть (umeretʹ)), смерть (smertʼ, death), Belarusian мерці (mérci), Ukrainian мерети (meréty), Bulgarian мра (mra, to die), Czech mříti, Polish mrzeć), Hittite mer-, mir- (mer-, mir-, to disappear, to be destroyed, to die), Sanskrit मरति (marati), म्रियते (mriyate, to die); from the o-grade variant, also Latin morire (to die), Proto-Germanic *murþaz (German Mord, English murder), Proto-Celtic *marwo- (Old Irish marb, Welsh marw (died)).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Verb[edit]

mirt intr., 1st conj., pres. mirstu, mirsti, mirst, past miru

  1. (of people) to die (to cease to live, to cease to exist biologically)
    mirt sirmā vecumā — to die of old age (lit. in gray age)
    mirt dabiskā nāvē — to die of (lit. in) natural death
    zēna vecāki ir mirusi — the boy's parents have died
    mirt badu — to die of hunger, to suffer from hunger, to starve
    viņa tēvs mira nelabā nāvē: nosmaka rijā — his father died a bad death: he suffocated in the barn
    viņš pāršķeļ milzim galvu un tad, nāvīgās žults nonāvēts, krīt uz savas vāles un mirst — he splits the giant's head and, poisoned by the deadly gall, falls on his club and dies
  2. (of body parts) to die, to stop working
    pat pēkšņas nāves gadījumā dažādi organisma orgāni mirst pakāpeniski — even in the case of sudden death, the various organs of the body die gradually
  3. (poetic, of animals, plants) to die (to cease to live, to cease to exist biologically)
    būs laiks, kad pēdējais no gulbjiem mirs — there will be a time when the last of the swans will die
    apdegšas, mirušas ābeles stiepa pret debesīm melnas, sāpju pilnas zaru rokas — burned, dead apple trees stretched to the sky the black, painful arms of (their) branches
  4. (figuratively, of social, natural phenomena; also ideas, thoughts, mental states) to die (to cease to exist)
    mirstošais fašisms — the dying fascism
    tu droši vien zini, kā ir tad, kad mirst mīlestība — you probably it is how it is (= what it is like) when love dies
  5. (figuratively, of ideas, thoughts, knowledge) to die (to be forgotten, to become insignificant, unimportant, pointless, meaningless)
    mirusa valodadead language (no longer having native speakers)
    mīts par bijušo Kurzemes koloniju Gambiju bija miris jau sen — the myth of the former Kurzeme colony of Gambia had died long ago
  6. (figuratively, of places) to die (to become uninhabited)
    mirusi planētadead planet
    ir māja dzīva, nav tā mirusi, ja tajā tikšķot dzird vēl pulksteni — a house is alive, not dead, if one still hears a clock ticking in it

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “mirt” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia pl

Noun[edit]

mirt m

  1. myrtle (shrub of the genus Myrtus)

Declension[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin myrtus, French myrte.

Noun[edit]

mirt m (plural mirți)

  1. myrtle