pledge

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 Pledge on Wikipedia

Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English plege, from Anglo-Norman plege, from Old French plege (Modern French pleige) from Medieval Latin plevium, plebium, from Medieval Latin plebio (I pledge), from Frankish *plegan (to pledge; to support; to guarantee), from Proto-Germanic *plegō (responsibility, habit), from Proto-Indo-European *dlegh-. Akin to Old High German pflegan (to take care of, be accustomed to), Old Saxon plegan (to vouch for), Old English plēon (to risk, endanger). More at plight.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

pledge (third-person singular simple present pledges, present participle pledging, simple past and past participle pledged)

  1. To make a solemn promise (to do something).
  2. To deposit something as a security; to pawn.
  3. (transitive) To give assurance of friendship by the act of drinking; to drink to one's health.
    • 1773, Oliver Goldsmith, She Stoops to Conquer
      HARDCASTLE [Taking the cup.] I hope you'll find it to your mind. I have prepared it with my own hands, and I believe you'll own the ingredients are tolerable. Will you be so good as to pledge me, sir? Here, Mr. Marlow, here is to our better acquaintance. [Drinks.]
    • 1852, Matthew Arnold, Tristram and Iseult
      Reach me my golden cup that stands by thee,
      And pledge me in it first for courtesy.

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

pledge (plural pledges)

  1. A solemn promise to do something.
  2. Something given by a person who is borrowing money etc to the person he has borrowed it from, to be kept until the money etc is returned.
  3. A person who has taken a pledge of allegiance to a college fraternity, but not yet formally approved.
  4. A security to guarantee payment of a debt.
  5. A drinking toast.
  6. (with the) A promise to abstain from drinking alcohol.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]